The English system of weights and measures comprises the following tables which are in daily use in the shop, mill, and commercial work of America and England.

Long Measure

12

inches

=

1

foot

3

feet

=

1

yard

2

yards

=

1

fathom

16 1/2

feet

=

1

rod

4

rods

=

1

chain

10

chains

=

1

furlong

8

furlongs

=

1

mile

3

miles

=

1

league

Square Measure

9

square feet

=

1

square yard

30 1/4

square yards

=

1

square rod

40

square rods

=

1

square rood

8

square roods

=

1

acre

640

acres

=

1

square mile

An acre is 208.71 feet square.

Avoirdupois Weight

16

drams

=

1

ounce

16

ounces

=

1

pound

25

pounds

=

1

quarter

4

quarters

=

1

hundred

20

hundreds

=

1

ton

Troy Weight

24

grains

=

1

pennyweight

20

pennyweights

=

1

ounce

12

ounces

=

1

pound

Cubic Measure

1728

cubic inches

=

1

cubic foot

27

cubic feet

=

1

cubic yard

16

cubic feet

=

1

cord foot

8

cord feet or

=

1

cord

128

cubic feet

Land Measure

7.92

inches

=

1 link

25

links

=

1 rod

4

rods

=

1 chain

80

chains

=

1 mile

Circular Measure

60

seconds

=

1

minute

60

minutes

=

1

degree

30

degrees

=

1

sign

60

degrees

=

1

sextant

90

degrees

=

1

quadrant

360

degrees

=

1

circle

Dry Measure

2

pints

=

1

quart

8

quarts

=

I

peck

4

pecks

=

1

bushel

Liquid Measure

4

gills

=

1

pint

2

pints

=

1

quart

4

quarts

=

1

gallon

Apothecaries Weight

20

grains

=

1

scruple

3

scruples

=

1

dram

8

drains

=

1

ounce

12

ounces

=

1

pound

Time Measure

60

seconds

=

1

minute

60

minutes

=

1

hour

24

hours

=

1

day

7

days

=

1

week

52

weeks

=

1

year

12

calendar months

365

days

Table of Quantities

12

units

=

1

dozen

12

dozen

=

1

gross

20

units

=

1

score

24

sheets

=

1

quire

20

quires

=

1

ream

General Measure

A mile

=

5280

feet

A cubit

=

2

feet

A pace

=

3

feet

A palm

=

3

inches

A hand

=

4

inches

A span

=

10 7/8

inches

Wells and cisterns hold for each foot in depth:

Diam.

Gallons

2

feet

=

23

3

feet

=

53

4

feet

=

94

5

feet

=

147

6

feet

=

211

7

feet

=

288

8

feet

=

376