This section is from the "Hand Sewing Lessons" book, by Sarah Ewell Krolik. Also available from Amazon: Hand Sewing Lessons: A Graded Course For Schools And For The Home.
Two pieces of flannel: 4x5 inches ; 2 inches square.
Blanket-stitch is the same as used for purl edge, and is made with spaces between each stitch. Practice the blanket-stitch on the folded edge of cotton cloth, and on the flannel leaves of a needle-book, and a piece of felt or broadcloth for the cover. (See Illustration 34. No. 7.) Flannel and cat stitches are used to secure the raw edges of flannel.
Cat-stitch is made over the left forefinger upward, instead of downward. Two imaginary parallel lines are followed. The stitches are taken, first on one line, then on the other, each the width of the stitch, higher. (See Illustration 34. No. 9.)
Illustration 37. Letters in cross-stitch.
FLANNEL-STITCH. Begin at the edge, and take two running stitches slanting toward the left, carry the thread on a slanting line to the right, and take the stitches as before. (See Illustration 34. No. 8.)
Cut 1 inch square from the center of the first piece, baste the second on evenly for a patch, join it on the right side with cat-stitch
Illustration 38. Letters in cross-stitch.
Illustration 39. Letters and figures in cross-stitch.
Illustration 40 (a). Canvas basted on cloth for cross-stitch.
and on the back with flannel-stitch. Finish the edges of the model with blanket-stitch.
Seams in flannel should be pressed open and the edges fastened back with cat-stitch or flannel-stitch. A tear in firm woolen cloth may be mended by overhanding the torn edges in fine, close stitches on the wrong side. Scratch the nap lightly over the seam with the needle, dampen, and press. '