This section is from the book "School Needlework. A Course of Study in Sewing designed for use in Schools", by Olive C. Hapgood. Also available from Amazon: School Needlework: A Course Of Study In Sewing Designed For Use In Schools.
A plait is a fold made in a garment, for fulness or trimming.
1. On the raw edge of the cloth, with the right side towards you, measure one inch from the righthand end, and mark it by cutting a small notch or insert ing a pin vertically.
2. Mark every inch and a half to the left of this.
3. Fold the cloth at the first notch, and bring the fold to the edge of the hem.
4. Insert a pin in the middle of the three thicknesses 01 cloth.
5. Fold at the next notch, and bring it exactly to the underfold of the first plait.
Fig. 57. - Showing basted plaits, half-an-inch wide-
6. Place a pin in the middle of the plait.
7. Fold and pin the other plaits in the same way.
8. Baste with even stitches, one-fourth of an inch from the edge (Fig. 57).
Plaits can be laid either to the right 01 to the left. There can be spaces between the plaits, 01 they can meet, as in Fig. 57. If the plaits meet, the material must be three times the length that is desired, when finished. Box-plaiting is made by beginning at the middle, and laying a plait to the right, and another to the left; double box-plaiting is made by adding more side-plaits.
What is a plait? What is its use? What different kinds of plaiting are there?