This is a pattern in the modern style, appearing well as a wall chair or making a good, light chair for the table. The chair would be in keeping with the present primitive construction to have the back slats perfectly flat, but a more shapely and comfortable back will result by using curved back slats as indicated in A, Fig. 5. A flat panel is usually steamed and bent, but for special purpose the curve is produced from a heavy plank, using an adz, or in default of this a gouge and heavy mallet, and after shaving to curvature determined by a wood templet, used as the work advances. Much of the convex side can be planed to line and even thickness by holding the work in a vise. The back post shape may be secured from a 1-in. surfaced board. If oak is used, show the quarter grain on the edge.

In making the seat none but thoroughly seasoned stock should be used, and after the saddle effect is obtained it should not be unprotected by finish very long. As you will need a heavy cleat, or batten, screwed to bottom as a means of holding it in the vise while shaping the hollow, it would be well to keep it on during construction of chair and until time for finishing, avoiding chance of warping. The hollow work is roughed out by a gouge and mallet, and then convex shaves and scrapers are used to bring about an even concave surface.

After all parts have been fitted with tenons and mortises, assemble them to see that they all come together well, also to give you an opportunity to note corrections which might be desirable to make and the final finish to be given each part. With the chair knocked apart the edges are worked off with a plane or shave, and the four slats in the back are greatly improved with edges turned off to a quarter round, likewise top edge of top slat, and hand hole smoothly filed in a rounded manner. The back part is glued up first and held in bar clamps under the seat; two square stretchers should be fitted at the same position, as shown, for stretchers. The side stretchers are indicated on the front leg.

The seat is now set in, as shown on seat plan, and secured at each post by a 2 1/2 in. screw countersunk. Turning the back part down, with seat face down on bench, put on the front portion of chair, the legs and front stretcher having previously been glued up, then