Whatever was the cause, it was found that frequently the line on the moved side was not perfect, and, of course, many spikes had to be drawn and the rail lined up and respiked. The more careful the work had been done, the less of this there was to do afterward. With rough track this was least seen. The nearer perfect, the more noticeable it was.

Of course, we all planned to get foreign cars home and have ours sent to us. But when the interchange stopped, we found we had many foreign cars, which, of course, had to be changed. This subject had come up in convention and it had been voted to charge three dollars per car when axles did not need turning, and five dollars where they did. By comparison with the cost of changing, as shown in this paper, it will be seen that to our company, at least, there was no loss at these figures.

The following tables will explain the work done upon the Louisville & Nashville and East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia systems.

It is to be regretted that the writer has not at hand information regarding other roads, that fuller statements and comparisons might be made and the showings be of greater value.

The figures of the Mobile & Ohio are added, having been compiled from the annual report of that road.

MOBILE & OHIO RAILROAD.

(Compiled from Annual Report.)

Number Changed.Cost of Labor.Cost of Material.Total Cost.Average Cost.
Engines and tenders.47$ 8,031.42$ 7,276.86$15,308.28$325.70
Pass., bag., ex. cars.55439.37104.25542.629.87
Freight cars, 1,361.
Freight trucks, 107½.
1,468½5,719.03739.576,458.604.40
Lever and push cars.1431,427.55476.931,904.4813.32
Miles.
Track (inc. sidings).583.517,109.537,275.1424,384.8741.79
Bridges.583.51,896.60190.002,086.603.58
Track tools.583.5170.721,405.741,576.462.70
Shop tools.583.5419.702,982.903,402.605.83
Temp. side tracks.12.091,958.94372.372,331.31192.83
Switching cars. 1,398.1816.501,414.68
Car hoists. 2,499.384,419.346,918.72
Total cost. $41,069.42$25,259.60$66,329.02
Total average
cost per mile.
$113.68

LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE RAILROAD.

(Compiled from Annual Report.)

Miles of track - Main line1,893.7
- Side track196.3
- - - - 2,090.0
Track. Total.Cost per Mile.
Section labor - Before day of change$28,106.60
- On day of change20,090.42
- After day of change19,713.19
- - - - $67,910.21$32.49
Carpenter labor 3,799.191.82
Spikes 20,873.709.99
Switches 6,331.853.03
Tools 2,749.501.31
Hand cars and sundries 5,691.392.72
Total $107,855.84$51.36
Equipment.
Number.Total.Average Cost.
Locomotives264$53,480.98$202.58
Cars (300 of these passenger - 3.5%)8,53749,577.205.81
Total cost $210,414.02
Total average cost per mile $100.67

EAST TENNESSEE, VIRGINIA & GEORGIA SYSTEM.

Number Changed.Cost of Labor.Cost of Material.Total Cost.Average Cost.
Engines and tenders.180$ 8,227.47$ 2,904.30$ 11,131.77$ 61.82
Pass., bag., and mail cars.168734.9359.67794.604.73
Freight cars and cabooses.5,17517,425.571,224.0818,649.653.60
M. of W. cars.4392,038.44549.472,587.915.89
Miles
Track.
Track (inc. sidings).1,532.727,718.1740,912.0968,630.2644.78
Bridges.1,532.71,808.57200.002,008.571.31
Track tools.1,532.7194.482,573.832,768.311.80
Storage tracks, inc. taking up.37.029,825.411,481.5911,307.00305.44
Shop tools. 472.202,728.303,200.50
Total cost.$68,445.24$52.633.33$121,078.57
Total average
cost per mile.
$ 79.06
Axles condemned577
Wheels condemned754
Wheels burst202
New axles used1,102
New wheels used2,783
Axles turned back8,316
Wheels pressed on without turning axle23,952
New brasses used10,723
Cars narrowed (not including lever or push cars)5,343
Engines narrowed180
Average cost of new centers and crank pins, etc$264.46
Average cost of cutting off hub and pressing wheels and new pins130.67
Average cost of pressing old tires on old centers29.08
Average cost of pressing old tires on broad centers31.83
Average cost of labor putting on new tires22.94

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF AVERAGE COST OF VARIOUS ITEMS OF WORK.

M. & O. R.R.L. & N. R.R.E.T.,V. &
G. R.R.
Average.
Engines and tenders - per engine$325.70$202.58$61.82$196.70
Pass., bag., and ex. cars - per car9.8725.814.736.80
Freight cars, per car4.4035.813.604.60
M. of W. cars, per car13.322.725.897.31
Track (inc. sidings bridges, etc.), per mile45.3747.8346.0946.26
Track tools, per mile2.701.311.801.94
Temporary side tracks, per mile192.83 305.44249.13
Total per mile of track, inc. sidings$113.68$100.67$ 79.06$ 97.80

NOTE - Since the preparation of this paper the general manager of the Norfolk & Western Railroad has kindly furnished the following items of expense for that line:

No.Cost.Average Cost.
Engines and tenders95$37,730.00$397.16
Cars (all kinds)3,61537,994.6510.51
Track, miles (including sidings)597.5
Labor 25,296.96
Tools and supplies3,531.12
Changing M. of W. equipment813.13
Switches571.67
Spikes8,508.22
Total track $38,721,1064.80
Total $114,445.75
Total average cost per mile $191.53