And the superintendent of the S.F. & W. R.R. has also furnished the expenses for that road:

No.Average Cost.
Engines and tenders75$76.31
Cars (passenger)954.67
Cars (freight)1,1333.88
Track, including sidings601.7644.49

Nothing was said about shop or other tools, storage tracks, or changing of maintenance of way equipment.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF AVERAGE COST OF LABOR OF VARIOUS ITEMS OF WORK.

M. & O. R.R.L. & N. R.R.E.T.,V. & G. R.R.Average
Engines and tenders.$170.88Not divided$45.71$108.29
Pass., bag., and ex cars7.974.386.17
Freight cars3.893.363.62
M. of W. cars9.984.647.31
Miles track (including sidings, bridges, etc.)32.57$34.3119.2628.71
Track tools, per mile.30Not divided.13.21
Temporary tracks162.03265.40213.71
Total per mile of track$70.38Not divided$44.72$57.55

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF AVERAGE COST OF MATERIAL OF VARIOUS ITEMS OF WORK.

M. & O. R.R.L. & N. R.R.E.T., V.& G. R.R.Average
Engines and tenders.$154.82Not divided$16.11$85.46
Pass., bag., and ex cars1.90.351.12
Freight cars.51.24.37
M. of W. cars3.341.252.30
Miles track (including sidings, bridges, etc.)12.80$13.0226.8817.55
Track tools, per mile2.40Not divided1.672.03
Temporary tracks162.0340.04101.03
Total per mile of track$43.30Not divided$34.34$38.82

SUMMARY OF STATEMENTS OF L.&N. AND E.T., V.&G. RAILWAYS.

The mileage changed of the L&N. and E.T., V.& G. systems combined aggregates3,622 miles.
The total cost of these two roads.$331,492.59
Or an average per mile of91.52
Total miles changed was about14,500 miles.
Which would give total cost, at same rate.$1,327,040

We should really add to this a large sum for the great number of new locomotives which were purchased to replace old ones, that could not be changed, except at large cost, and which, when done, would have been light and undesirable.

Upon the basis of the work done upon the L. & N. and E.T., V. & G. systems, which, combined, cover about one-fourth the mileage changed, we have made the following estimates, which will, perhaps, convey a better idea of the extent of the work than can be obtained in any other way:

Miles of track changed, about14,500
Locomotives changed, about1,800
Cars (pass, and freight) changed, about45,000
New axles used, about9,000
New wheels used, about20,000
Axles turned back, about75,000
Wheels pressed on without turning axles, about220,000
New brasses used, about90,000
Kegs of spikes used, about50,000
Cost of material used, about$600,000
Cost of labor, about730,000
Total cost of work, about1,330,000
Amount expended on equipment, about650,000
Amount expended on track, about680,000
Amount expended on track on day of change in labor, about140,000

The work was done economically, and so quietly that the public hardly realized it was in progress. To the casual observer it was an every day transaction. It was, however, a work of great magnitude, requiring much thought and mechanical ability.

That it was ably handled is evidenced by the uniform success attained, the prompt changing at the agreed time, and the trifling inconvenience to the public. - Jour. Assn. Engineering Societies.

[1]

A paper read before the Western Society of Engineers, June 7, 1887.

[2]

Expense not divided as between passenger and freight cars.

[3]

3.5 per cent. passenger, baggage, and express cars, 96.5 per cent. freight cars.