1 S. latifolium L. St. angular, sulcate; lfts. oblong-lanceolate, acutely and coarsely serrate, acute; cat. teeth elongated. - A tall plant in swamps and ditches, N. J.? to Ind. and Can. St. 3 to 4f hiph, smooth, hollow, with deep-furrowed and prominent angles. Lfts. or segm. 4 to 6' lonor, 1 to 2' broad, in 3 to 5 pairs, with a sessile odd one, each with about 10 large, sharp teeth. Umbels very large, 20 to 30-rayed. Cal. segm. acute, exceeding the broad 5-lobed styiopodium. Eib3 of fr not prominent. Jl., Aug. 2 S. lineare Mx. St. angular, sulcate; lfts. 9 to 11, linear and lance-linear, finely serrate, acute; cal. teeth obsolete; fr. ribs winged. - More common than the last, in swamps, N. J. to Ind. and Can. St. 2 to 4f high, smooth, with 7 prominent angles. Lfts. 2 to 4' long, 2 to 4" wide, the odd and lower ones petiolulate, middle pairs sessile. Umbels 1 1/2 to 2 1/2' broad. Invol. of 5 or 6 linear bracts, 1/4 as long as the 15 to 21 rays. Umbellets with numerous, small, white fls. Fr. roundish, crowned with the broad, yellowish styiopodium. JL, Aug.
33. CORIAN'DRUM, L. Coriander. (Gr. , a bug; on account of the smell of the leaves.) Calyx with 5 conspicuous teeth ; pelals obcordate, inflcxed at the point, outer ones radiate, bifid; fruit globous; carpels cohering, with the five depressed, primary ribs, and 4 secondary more prominent ones, seeds concave on the face. - (1) Smooth. Invol. 0 or 1-leaved. Involucels 3-leaved, unilateral.
C. sativum L. Lvs. bipinnate, lower ones with broad-cuncato lfts., upper with linear ones; carp, hemispherical. - Native of Eur., etc. This well-known plant is cultivated chiefly for the seeds which are used as a spice, as a nucleus for sugar-plums, etc. St. 2f high. Lvs. numerously divided, strong-scented. Umbels with only the partial involucra. Fls. white. Jl.‡
34. PIMPINEL'LA, L. Anise. Calyx limb obsolete ; petals obcordate, a little unequal; disk 0 ; flowers perfect or diclinous ; styles capillary, as long as fruit; fruit ovate, ribbed, with convex intervals.-European herbs, mostly Ц, with pinnately, many-parted lvs., and white fls. Umbels compound. Invol. 0.
P. Anisum L. Radical lvs. incisely trifid; cauline ones multiud, with narrow, linear segments, all glabrous and shining; umbels large, many-rayed. - Native of Egypt. The aromatic and carminative properties of the fruit are well known.‡
35. aeG0PO' DIUM, L. Goutweed. Goats-foot. (Gr. a goat; , a little foot; referring to the form of the leaf.) Calyx limb obsolete; fruit compressed laterally, oblong, crowned with the conical bases of the deflexed styles; carpels with 5 filiform ridges, without vittae . ЦLvs. 1 to 2-ternate. Involucra none. Fls. white.
AE. podagraria L. St. deeply furrowed, glabrous; lfts. ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, unequally toothed, upper merely 3-cleft. - Gardens. Sts. 12 to 18 high, from strong, tenacious, creeping roots hard to eradicate. Umbels many-rayed. †
36. A'PIUM, L. Celery. (Celtic apon, water; the plants grow in watery situations.) Calyx margin obsolete; petals roundish, with a small inflcxed point; fruit laterally compressed nearly double; carpels 5-ribbed, the lateral ribs marginal; intervals with single vittoe.-European herbs. Umbels perfect. Invol. 0, or few-leaved. Fls. white.
1 A. graveolens L. Lower lvs. pinnately dissected, on very long petioles, aegm. broad-cuneate, incised; upper lvs. 3-parted, segm. cuneate, lobed, and incisely dentate at apex; invol 0; fr. roundish. - (2) Gardens. St. 2 to 3f high, branching, furrowed. Radical petioles thick, juicy, If in length. Umbels with unequal, spreading rays. - The stems when blanched by being buried, aro sweet, crisp, and spicy in flavor, and used as salad Jn. - Aug. ‡ Eur.
2 A petroseliuum Willd. Parsley. Lvs. decompound, segments of the lower ones cuneate-ovate, terminal ones trifid, all incised, cauline segm. lance-linear, subentire; involucels of 3 to 5 subulate bracts; fr. ovate. - (2) Gardens. St. 2 to 4f high, branched. Lvs. smooth and shining, with numerous, narrow segm. Jn. - Cultivation lias produced several varieties. Esteemed as a potherb, for soup, etc. (Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.) ‡ Sardinia. Greece.
37. CA'RUM, L. Caraway. (From Caria, the native country of the plant, according to Pliny.) Calyx margin obsolete; petals obo-vate, emarginate, the point innexed ; styles dilated at base, spreading; fruit oval, compressed laterally ; carpels 5-ribbed, lateral ribs marginal; intervals with single vittae, commissure with 2. - Herbs with dissected lvs. Umbels perfect. Involucra various. Fls. white.
C. Carvi L. Lvs. somewhat bipinnatifid, with numerous linear segm. invol. 1-leaved or 0; iuvolucels 0. - St. about 2f high, branched, smooth, striate. Lower lvs. large, on long petioles, with tumid, clasping sheaths. Umbels on long peduncles; involucrate bracts when present linear-lanceolate. Jn. - Cultivated for its fine aromatic fruit, so well known in domestic economy. 1 Eur.
38. TREPOCARPUS .aethusa Nutt.
Western La. (Hale).
39. CYNOSCIADIUM digitatum DC.
- Western La. (Hale).
Obs. These plants, of which we have beautiful specimens from Dr. Hale, may perhaps be found E. of the Mississippi.