5 S. obovata Ell. Erect; lvs. broadly obovate, entire, sinuate, narrowed to a long tapering base, the floral ovate, shorter than the calyx; verticils 6-flowered, remote, in a simple raceme; cal. upper lip truncate, with 3 minute teeth; cor. thrice longer, with the galeate upper lip thrice shorter than the lower.- Middle Ga. to La. St. 1 to 2f high. Lvs. larger above and clustered 4 to 7' Ly 2 to 5'. Fls. blue. Jn., ,Jl.
6 S. Claytoni Ell. Erect; lvs. cordate-ovate, or lance-ovate, sinuate-pinnatifid, the segm. toothed, rugous, more or less pubescent beneath ;• verticils 6-flowered; floral lvs. ovate-acuminate, smaller; cal. teeth of the upper lip connivert, of the lower longer, acuminate.- Sandy pastures, Beaufort, S. Car. (Bachman). Sts. If high. Fis. small. Summer.
7 S. Sclarea L. Clarry. Lvs. ample, rugous, broad-ovate, cordate, doubly crenate; bracts colored, concave, longer than the calyx; upper lip of the cor. high-arched, much longer than the lower.- A strong-scent,d exotic, 1 to 3f high, with viscid lvs. as largo as the hand. The fls. and bracts are variegated with pale-purple and yellowish-white, in whorled spikes. Cal. with spinous teeth. Native in Italy. ‡
8 S. officinalis L. Common Sage. Shrubby, lvs. oblong-lanceolate, crenu-late, rugous ; whorls few-flowered; cal. mucronate; upper lip of the cor. as long as the lower and somewhat vaulted.-A well-known garden plant, with a shrubby stem, rugous leaves of a dull green color and an aromatic fragrance. Flowers in. whorls forming a spike. Corolla ringent, blue, with a lengthened tube and viscid calyx, somewhat brown. July. ‡ S. Eur.-Very useful in domestic economy and medicine.
9 S. fulgens Cav. St. branching at base, weak, ascending, pubescent; lvs long-petiolate, ovate-lanceolate, subcordate, crenate-dentate, smooth above, pubescent beneath; fls. opposite, in terminal racemes; bracts deciduous; cat. slightly colored, upper lip truncate, subentire; cor. flmbriate-ciliate, 3-4 times longer than the calyx; sty. exserted.- A beautiful greenhouse plant. Flowers bright crimson or scarlet, near 2' long. There arc several varieties, † Mexico.
10 S. splendens Sellow. St. erect, glabrous; lvs. broad-ovate and ovate, petiolate, rounded or acute at base, glabrous both sides, dent-serrate, acuminate ; fls. opposite, racemous; bract3 deciduous; cat. scarlet, and, with the corolla, pubescent, upper lip entire, acuminate, lower lip 2-toothed.-- Gardens. Plant 2-4f high, branched. Flowers 2' long, scarlet. After flowering the calyces enlarge, and become as brilliant as the corollas, † Mexico.
21. ROSMARI'NUS, L. Rosemary. (An ancient Latin name, compounded of ros, dew, and marinus, of the sea.) Calyx bilabiate, upper lip entire, lower bifid ; corolla bilabiate, upper lip 2-parted, lower lip reflexed, in 3 divisions of which the middle is the largest; fil. 2 fertile, elongated, ascending towards the upper lip, having a tooth on the side.- Shrub, with sessile, linear lvs.
R. officinalis L. An erect, evergreen shrub, 4f high, much branched.
Leaves opposite, obtuse, linear-oblong, entire, smooth, dark green and shining above, downy and sometimes whitish beneath. Flowers axillary and terminal, of a bright blue color, having, like the leaves, a strong aromatic fragrance like camphon. It yields by distillation a largo proportion of fragrant oil. ‡ S. Eur.
22. MONAR'DA, L. Mountain Mint. (Name in honor of Monard-us, a Spanish botanist of the 16th century.) Calyx elongated, cylin-dric, striate, subequally 5-toothed ; cor. ringent,. tubular, upper lip linear, lower lip reflexed, 3-lobed, the middle lobe narrowest; sta. 2, fertile, ascending beneath the upper lip, and mostly exserted ; anth. cells divaricate at base, connate at apex.- Verticils few, dense, many-flowered, bracted.
* Calyx densely hairy in the throat. Corolla purple or whitish, .........
* Calyx naked in the throat. Corolla scarlet or yellow...........
1 M. fistulosa L. Horsemint. Wild Bergamot. Lvs. ovate-lanceolate and lanceolate, obtuse at base, acute or acuminate, petiolate, more or less pubescent; hds. of fls. terminal, few, but many-flowered, bracts sessile; cal. slightly curved, with the throat hirsute.-Hedges, thickets, rocky banks, W. Vt. and Can. to Ga. Common westward, Exceedingly variable. St. 2 to 4f high, acutely 4-angled, often hollow, frequently purple, simple, or with a few opposite branches. Lvs. mostly acuminate, acutely serrate, nearly smooth, 2 to 4' long and on petioles 1/5
• their length. Outer bracts leafy, often partially whitened. Cor. much exserted, l' in length, varying from greenish-white and pale purple to blue. Jl., Aug. (M. allophylla, oblongata, clinopodia and twenty other synonyms are enumerated in Benth.)
2 M. Bradburiana Nutt. St. simple, glabrous; lvs, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, subsessile, rounded at base, hirsute pubescent both sides, margin subdentate, apex acute; cal. pilous, curved, densely bearded at throat, segm. subulate spinous; hds, large, terminal; outer bracts broad-lanceolate, ciliate, colored.-Prairies and bottoms, Ohio to Ill. St. slender, about 3f high. Lvs. sometimes slightly petiolate, 2 to 3' long, 5 to 8" wide, with long, bristly hairs beneath. Bracts purple. Cor. purple. Jl
3 M. punctata L. HORSEMINT, Minutely pubescent; st. obtusely angled; lvs. oblong-lanceolate, tapering to a petiole, remotely and obscurely serrate, the upper and bracts sessile; bracts colored, longer than the verticils; cal. teeth unequal, rigid, throat naked; cor. glabrous, strongly punctate.-Barrens, N. J., common, to Fla, (Miss Keen) and W. States. . St. 2 to 3f high, branched. Lvs. 18" to 2'.