9. PHYLLAN'THUS, L. (Gr. ; the leaves of the original species arc apparently florifcrous.) Flowers 8 . - Calyx persistent, with 6 spreading, colored segments; stamens 3, very short, filaments united at base, anthers didymous. Calyx as in the ; styles 3, bifid; capsule 3-celled; cells 2-valved, 1 - 2-seeded. - Herbs or shrubs with alternate, stipulate leaves and minute, axillary flowers.
P. Carolinensis Walt. (P. obovatus Willd.) St. erect, herbaceous, with alternate branches; lvs. simple, entire, glabrous, oval and obovate, obtuse, slightly petioled; fls. few, subsolitary. axillary. - A small-leaved, delicate plant, Penn. to Ill. and South. Stem 6 - 10' high, slender, the branches filiform. Leaves of the stem 6 - 8" by 4 - 5", of the branches twice, and of the branehlets four times smaller. Flowers 1 - 3 in each axil, the with the nearly 1" diam., whitish.
10. PACHYSAN'DRA, Mx. (Gr. thick, stamen.)
Flowers 8 , apetalous, in bracteate spikes; calyx 4-parted; stamens 4, filaments distinct, large, subclavate; ovary a rudiment; styles 3, recurved; capsule 3-horncd, 3-cclled, cells 2-valvcd, 2-seeded. - Herbs procumbent, from long, creeping, rhizomes. Lvs. nearly glabrous, alternate, exstipulate. Spikes situated below the lvs.
P. procumbens Mx. Sts. simple; lvs. few, oval, coarsely crenate-toothed, narrowed into a slender petiole; spikes from near the base of the stem, ∞-flowered, the fertile below the sterile each subtended by 2 or 3 narrow bracts. - Mts. of Va. and E. Tenn. to Ga. Sts. 6 to 9' long. Lvs. 1 to 2', all of them above the few spikes which are about the same length. Mar. - May.
11. BUX'US, L. Box-wood. (The Greek name of this plant was ) Flowers 8, axillary. - Calyx 3-leaved, petals 2; sta. 4, with the rudiment of an ovary. Cal. 4-sepalcd; pet. 3; sty. 3; caps, with 3 beaks and 3 cells; seeds 6. - Shrubs and trees. Lvs. evergreen, opposite.
B. sempervirens L. Lvs. ovate: petioles hairy at edge; anth. ovate, sagittate. - Var. angustifolia has narrow, lanceolate leaves. Var. supfruticosa,
. the dwarf box has obovate leaves and a stem scarcely woody, highly esteemed for edgings in gardens. - The box with its varieties is native of Europe, and furnishes the well-known box-wood so extensively used by engravers, mathematical instrument makers, etc.