Trees or shrubs, with narrow, parallel-veined or broad fork-veined leaves, and the flowers diclinous, achlamydeous, surrounded with imbricated bracts.Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1863 Flowers several together, each consisting of one or several coherent anthers. Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1864 Flowers solitary or clustered, each consisting of a single naked ovule, terminal or axillary. Fruit a solitary seed usually surrounded at base by a fleshy cupulc. Fig..421.

Genera 9, species 50, generally natives of the temperate regions.

1. TAX'US, Tourn. Yew. (Gr.Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1865 an arrow; arrows were formerly poisoned with the juice of the Yew tree.) Flowers Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1866Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1867 or

8, axillary, surrounded with numerous scales.Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1868 Aments globular, composed of 8 to 10 stamens; anthers peltate, 6 to 8-celled, cells dehiscent beneath. Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1869 Flowers solitary, consisting of a single ovule, becoming in fruit a seed nearly enclosed in a pulpy cupule. - Trees or shrubs, with evergreen, linear, alternate lvs.

1. T. Canadensis L. Dwarf Yew. Ground Hemlock. (Fig. 421.) Shrub low or prostrate; lvs. linear, mucronate, 2-ranked, revolute on the margin; sterile ament globous; drupes depressed-glolous, open at top. - A small evergreen shrub with the general aspect of a dwarf hemlock spruce (Pinus Canadensis). It grows on thin rocky soils in shady places, 2 to 3f high, Can. to Penn. and Ky. Lvs. nearly an inch long, arranged in 2 opposite rows on the sides of the branchlets. Staminate flowers in small, roundish, axillary heads. Drupes coralline-red, concave or open at the summit, displaying the top of the black seed. May.

2 T. baccata L. English Yew. Tree of low stature, attaining a great size; lvs. linear and spatulate-linear, imbricated all around the young branchlets, finally spreading and distichous; fr. oblong-oval or somewhat bell-shaped, open at the top. - Trees attaining great age in England, with short, huge trunks and widespread branches. •)•

2. TORRE'YA, Arnott, (Dedicated to Prof. John Torrey, of New York.) - Flowers 8 . -Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1870 Aments oblong, many-flowered, bracts at base imbricated in 4 rows; stamen a pedicellate scale, bearing several anther cells at base. Order CXXVIII Taxaceae Yews 1871 Anient ovoid, 1-flowered, consisting of a solitary ovule surrounded with bracts; fruit oblong-ovate, a nut-like seed enclosed in a thick, fibro-fleshy testa. - Small evergreen trees, with spreading branches and 2-rankcd, linear lvs.

T. taxifolia Arn. - Along the Chattahoochee, Mid. Fla., and cultivated at Quincy (by Judge Dupont). Tree 15 to 30f high. Branches ramifying distichously and horizontally. Lvs. dark green, shining, very acute, mucronate-pungent, margins revolute, 18" long. Drupe near 1' long, with a brittle epicarp.

3. SALISBU'RIA adiantifolia Smith, is occasionally seen in gardens and shrubberies, called Jingko, in Japan. It is remarkably distinguished by its broad, fan-shaped, fork-veined petiolate lvs. It becomes a tree 40 to 80f in height, † Japan.