Shrubs with simple leaves alternate or opposite, with flowers small, regular, 4 or 5-merous, perigynous, sepals and petals both imbricated in aestivation, stamens alternate with the petals and inserted on a disk which fills up the bottom of the calyx; carpels 2 to 5, styles united. (Fig. 460.) Fruit free from the calyx with 2 to 5 cells. Seeds ariled, few, albuminous.
An order closely related to the last, embracing about 30 genera and 200 species, chiefly inhabiting the temperate zone of each hemisphere. They possess acrid and bitter properties, sometimes emetic and stimulant
1. CELASTRUS, L. Staff-tree. Flowers often imperfect; calyx flat, of 5 united sepals; corolla spreading, of 5 sessile petals; capsule subglobous, or 3-angled, 3-celled; seeds with an arillus, 1 to 2 in each cell. - Climbing shrubs, with alternate, deciduous lvs. and minute, deciduous stipules.
C. scandens L. Unarmed; st. woody, twining; lvs. oblong, acuminate, serrate; rac. terminal; fls. dioecious. - A climbing shrub in woods and thickets, the stems twining about other trees or each other, ascending to a great height. Lvs. alternate, stipulate, petiolate, smooth. Fls. in small racemes, greenish white. Sds. covered with a scarlet aril, and contained in a 3-valved capsule, continuing upon the stem through the winter. Jn.
3. EU6NYMUS, Tourn. Spindle Tree. (Gr. good, name.) Flowers perfect; calyx flat, of 5 (sometimes 4 or 6) united sepals; corolla flat, inserted on the outer margin of a glandular disk; stamens 5, with short filaments; capsule colored, 5-angled, 5-celled, 5-valved; seeds ariled. - Shrubs erect or trailing, with opposite, ser rate lvs. 1 E. atropurpiireus Jacq. Spindle Tree. Burning Bran. Branches smooth; lvs. elliptic-ovate, petiolate, acuminate, finely serrate, puberulent beneath; ped.
compressed, many-flowered; fls. usually 4-merous; capsule smooth, lobed. - A smooth shrub, 4 to 10f high, in shady woods, U. S., E. of the Miss. Lvs. 2 to 5' long, 1/2 as wide, acute or often rounded at base, on petioles 1/3, to 1' long. Ped. opposite, slender, 1 to 2 V long, each with a cyme of 3 to 6 flowers. Cor. dark-purple, 4 to 5" diam. Caps. crimson, smooth. Sds. covered in a bright red aril. Jn.
2 E. Americanus L. Burning Bush. Branches smooth, 4-angled; lvs. oval and elliptic-lanceolate, subentire below, acuminate, acute or obtuse at apex, smooth, sessile or nearly so; ped. round, about 3-flowered; fls. mostly pentamerous; caps. verrucous. - Shrub of smaller size than the preceding, with small lvs. in moist woods, U. S. and Can. Lvs. 1 to 2' long, 1/3 as wide, coriaceous. Ped. slender,
1, 2 or 4-flowered. Fls. a little larger than in No. 1, yellow and pink, the parts rarely in 3s. Capsule dark red, warty. Sds. with a bright-red aril. Jn.
β. obovatus T. & G. Trailing and rooting; lvs. obovate-oval, rather pointed or obtuse, acute and short-petiolate at base. Ohio, etc. (E. obovatus Nutt.)
3 E. augustifolius Ph. Branches 4-sided; lvs. linear-lanceolate, inequilateral and subfalcate, acute at each end, obscurely serrate, almost sessile; pedicels 1 to 3-flowered; fls. 5-merous, pet. distinctly clawed. - Woods near Savannah, Ga. St. decumbent. Branches regularly opposite, so that the plant appears like a bipin-nate leaf. Lvs. 2 to 3' long, 3 to 5" wide, sharply acute; fls. as large as in No.
2. Apr., May.
4 E. Europaeus L. Lvs. oblong-lanceolate, serrate, glabrous; ped. compressed, 3-flowered; fls. usually tetrandrous. - Native of Europe. A handsome shrub, 4 to 12f high, sometimes found in shrubberies, although certainly not superior in elegance to No. 1. May - Jl. †