Shrubs with opposite, simple, entire, exstipulate leaves. Flowers solitary, axillary, with the numerous sepals and petals confounded, in several rows, all united below into a fleshy tube or cup. Stamens indefinite, perigynous, with adnate, ex-trorse anthers. Seeds with convolute cotyledons, otherwise as in the tribe Rosidae

The order consists of but 2 genera, Calycanthus. American, and Chimonanthus of Japan. The species are probably but 3. The flowers are highly aromatic, and the same quality resides in the bark.

CALYCAN'THUS, L. Sweet scented Shrub. (Gr.Order XLVIII Calycanthaceae Calycanths 643 calyx,

Order XLVIII Calycanthaceae Calycanths 644 a flower; from the character.) Lobes of the calyx imbricated in many rows, lanceolate, somewhat coriaceous and fleshy, colored; stamens unequal, about 12, outer ones fertile; anthers extrorse; pistils few or many, inclosed in the calyx tube, fruit many times larger than that of the rose, loosely enclosing the large achenia. - The bark and lvs. exhale the odor of camphor. Fls. of a lurid purple.

C. floridus L. Lvs. oval, mostly acute or acuminate, tomentous beneath; branches spreading; fls. nearly sessile. - Fertile soils, along streams, Va. and all the S. States. Not uncommon in gardens farther north, and valued for its exquisite, strawberry-like fragrance. Shrub 3 to 7f high. Lvs. 3 to 5 to 1' long. Fls. on short branches. Fr. rare, of the size and form of a fig, acute at base, truncate and involute at top, longitudinally veined. (Sent by Prof. Pond.) β. Laevigatus T. & G. Lvs. oblong or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate or gradually acute, glabrous or somewhat scabrous above; branches erect. † (C. laevigatus Willd.)

Order XLVIII Calycanthaceae Calycanths 645 GLAUCUS T. & G. Lvs. oblong or ovate-lanceolate, much acuminate, large, glaucous and glabrous or minutely downy beneath; branches spreading, † (C. glaucus Willd.)

Order XLVIII Calycanthaceae Calycanths 646 inodorus T. & G. Lvs. lanceolate, scabrous and shining above, smooth below; branches spreading; fls. inodorous. (C. inodorus Ell.)