Shrubs with opposite, simple, entire, exstipulate leaves. Flowers solitary, axillary, with the numerous sepals and petals confounded, in several rows, all united below into a fleshy tube or cup. Stamens indefinite, perigynous, with adnate, ex-trorse anthers. Seeds with convolute cotyledons, otherwise as in the tribe Rosidae
The order consists of but 2 genera, Calycanthus. American, and Chimonanthus of Japan. The species are probably but 3. The flowers are highly aromatic, and the same quality resides in the bark.
CALYCAN'THUS, L. Sweet scented Shrub. (Gr. calyx,
a flower; from the character.) Lobes of the calyx imbricated in many rows, lanceolate, somewhat coriaceous and fleshy, colored; stamens unequal, about 12, outer ones fertile; anthers extrorse; pistils few or many, inclosed in the calyx tube, fruit many times larger than that of the rose, loosely enclosing the large achenia. - The bark and lvs. exhale the odor of camphor. Fls. of a lurid purple.
C. floridus L. Lvs. oval, mostly acute or acuminate, tomentous beneath; branches spreading; fls. nearly sessile. - Fertile soils, along streams, Va. and all the S. States. Not uncommon in gardens farther north, and valued for its exquisite, strawberry-like fragrance. Shrub 3 to 7f high. Lvs. 3 to 5 to 1' long. Fls. on short branches. Fr. rare, of the size and form of a fig, acute at base, truncate and involute at top, longitudinally veined. (Sent by Prof. Pond.) β. Laevigatus T. & G. Lvs. oblong or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate or gradually acute, glabrous or somewhat scabrous above; branches erect. † (C. laevigatus Willd.)
GLAUCUS T. & G. Lvs. oblong or ovate-lanceolate, much acuminate, large, glaucous and glabrous or minutely downy beneath; branches spreading, † (C. glaucus Willd.)
inodorus T. & G. Lvs. lanceolate, scabrous and shining above, smooth below; branches spreading; fls. inodorous. (C. inodorus Ell.)