4 S. salicifolia L. Nearly glabrous; lvs. oblong, obovate or lanceolate, sharply serrate; rac. forming a more or less dense, terminal panicle; carp. 5. - A small
• shrub, in meadows, thickets, U. S. and Brit. Am. St. 3 to 4f high, slender, purplish, brittle. Lvs. smooth, 1 J- to 3' long, 1/3 to 1/2 as wide, acute at each end, petio-late, often with small leaves in the axils. Fls. white, often tinged with red, small, numerous, with conspicuous stamens, in a more or less spreading panicle. Jl. Aug. † (S. alba Bw.)
.5 S. corymbdsa Raf. Lvs. ovate or oblong-oval, incisely and unequally serrate near the apex, whitish, with minute tomentum beneath; corymbs large, terminal, pedunculate, fastigiate, compound, dense, often leafy: sty. and carp. 3 to 5. - Mountains, Penn., Fauquier Co., Va. (Robbins), to Ky., S. to Fla. St. slightly pubescent, reddish, 1 to 2f high. Lvs. nearly smooth above, entire towards the base, 2 to 3' by 3/4 to 1 3/4'. Fls. innumerable, white or rose-colored, in a corymb 4 to 6' broad. May, Jn. † (S. Chamaedrifolia Ph.)
6 S. hypericifolia L. Italian May. St. Peter's Wreath. Lvs. obo-vale-oblong, obtuse, tapering at base to a petiole, entire or slightly dentate, nearly smooth; fls. in lateral, pedunculate corymbs, or sessile umbels; pedicels smooth or pubescent; segm. of the cal. ascending. - Cultivated in gardens and shrubberies. Shrub 3 to 5f high, nearly smooth in all its parts. Fls. white, in numerous umbels, terminating the short, lateral branches. Pedicels as long as the lvs. May. †
7 S. ulmaria L. Double Meadow Sweet. Lvs. 3 to 7-foliate, with minute lfts. interposed, lateral lfts. ovate-lanceolate, terminal one much larger, palmately 5 to 7-lobed, all doubly serrate, and whitish tomentous beneath; stip. reniform, serrate; pan. corymbous, long-pedunculate. - In gardens, where the numerous white fls. are mostly double. Jl. †
8 S. lobata L. Queen of the Prairie. Lvs. pinnately 3 to 7-foliate, often with smaller lfts. interposed, lateral lfts. of 3 lanceolate lobes, cuneate at base, terminal one large, pedately 7 to 9-parted, lobes all doubly serrate; stip. reniform; pan. largo, cymously branched; fls. deep rose-color; carp. 6 to 8. - An herb of exquisite beauty in meadows and prairies, Mich., Iowa, to Car. St. 4 to 8f high. Fls. numerous, and exceedingly delicate. Jn., Jl. †
9 L. filipendula L. Pride of the Meadow. Herbaceous, smooth, lfts. pinnatifidly serrate, 9 to 21, with many minute ones interposed; stip. large, semi-cordate, serrate; corymb on a long, terminal peduncle. - A very delicate herb, often cultivated. Sts. 1 to 3f high. Lvs. 3 to 6' long; lfts. 1 or 2' long, linear, the serratures tipped with short bristles. Fls. white, 4 or 5" diam., petals oblong-obovate. Jn.
Other species of this beautiful genus are sometimes cultivated. 10 S. Aruncus L. Goat's-beard. Lvs. membranous, tripinnate, lfts. oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, straight-veined, doubly serrate, subcordate, the odd ones ovate-lanceolate; fls. very numerous, small, whitish, in numerous slender racemes. forming a large compound panicle; carp. distinct, glabrous, 3 to 5. - Chiefly along the mountains, Catskill, N. Y. to Ky. and Ga. Sts. slender, 3 to 5f high. Carp. 1" long. Jn., Jl. † Plant more delicate than Astilbe, which see, page 311.
27. GILLE'NLA, Moench. Indian Physic. (Gr. to laugh; on account of its exhilarating qualities.) Calyx tubular-campanulate, contracted at the orifice, 5-cleft; petals 5, linear-lanceolate, very long, unequal; stamens 10 to 15, very short; carpels 5, connate at base; styles terminal; follicles 2-valved, 2 to 4-seeded.- Herbs with trifoliate, doubly serrate lvs.
1 G. trifoliata Moench. Lfts. ovate-oblong, acuminate; slip. linear-setaceous; entire; fls. on long pedicels, in pedunculate, corymbous panicles. - In woods, W. N. York to Ga. A handsome herb 2 to 3f high, slender and nearly smooth. Lower lvs. petiolate; lfts. 2 to 4' long, 1/3 as wide, pubescent beneath, subsessile. Fls. axillary and terminal. Petals rose color or nearly white, 8" by 2". Sds. brown, bitter. Jn., Jl. Roots said to be emetic, cathartic, or tonic, according to the dose.
2 G. stipulacea Nutt. Bowman's Root. Lfts. lanceolate, deeply incised; radical lvs. pinnatifid; stip, leafy, ovate, doubly incised, clasping; fls. large, in loose panicles. - Western N. Y. to Ala. Readily distinguished from the former by the large clasping stipules. Fls. fewer, rose colored. Jn. Properties of the root like the former.
28. KER'RIA, DC. (In honor of Wm. Kerr, a botanical collector, who sent plants from China.) Calyx of 5, acuminate, nearly distinct sepals; corolla of 5 orbicular petals; ovaries 5 to 8, smooth, globous, ovules solitary; styles filiform; achenia globous. - A slender shrub, native of Japan. Lvs. simple, ovate, acuminate, doubly serrate with stipules. Fls. terminal on the branches, solitary or few together, orange yellow.
K. Japonica DC. Japan Globe Flower. Common in gardens, etc. Sts. numerous, 5 to 8f high, with a smooth bark. Lvs. minutely pubescent, 2 to 3' by 1 to 1 1/2', with a very sharp, slender point; petioles 3 to 5" long. Fls. double in cultivation, abortive, globous, near 1' diam. †