A. occidentalis Ph. Lvs. oblong-spatulato and ovate, entire, glabrous: scape solitary, or few, puberulent; bracts oval, pedicels slender; cal. angular, segm. acute; cor. lobes long, obruse.- Gravelly shores of the Miss., Ill. (Gray), and Mo. (Nutt.) Scapes 1 to 3' high.
4. DODECATH'EON, L. American Cowslip. Pride of Ohio. (Gr. twelve, , gods; alluding to its curious flowers which are about 12.) Calyx 5-partcd, reflexed; cor. tube, very short, limb rotate, 5-partd, segm. reflexed; sta. 5, inserted into the throat of the corolla; fil. very short; anth. large, acute, connivent at apex; style cx-serted; caps, oblong-ovoid, 5-valved, many-seeded.- Root fibrous, with radical, oblong lvs., an erect, simple scape, and a terminal umbel of nodding white flowers and erect fruit.
1 D. Meadia L. Lvs. oval or oblong, obtuse, attenuate at base into a marginal petiole, glabrous, entire or repandly dentate; scape 9-20 flowered; bracts of the invol. ovate, inner ones lanceolate; sep. lanceolate, acute, entire; fil. united into a tube much shorter than, the subulate anthers.-A singularly elegant herb, on prairies, dry or rocky soils, Penn. to Ind., Ill., Wise, and throughout the
' Western States. Whole plant very smooth. Leaves all radical, 7-10' long, often quite entire. Scapes 1 to 2f high. The nodding flowers with their winglike, reflexed petals and beak-like anthers, exhibit a very unique appearance. May, Jn. (Fig. 297, 394.)
5. CYCLAMEN, L. (Gr. a circle; on account of the coiled fruit stalks.) Calyx bell-shaped, 5-parted; corolla tube ovate, short, limb 5-parted, reflexed; anthers 5, included, sessile ; capsule globous, 5-valved.-Oriental herbs. Rt. a large tuber. Lvs. all radical, ovate or roundish, cordate. Scapes naked, erect, with one nodding flower, but in fruit coiling up, and hiding the capsule in the ground.
1 C. Europeeum L. Lvs. roundish-reniform, crenate; pet. lance-ovate, obtuse. -Lvs. purple beneath. Fls. roseate, fragrant, † Eur.
2 C. Coum Mill. Lvs. reniform orbicular, entire; pet. ovate-orbicular, obtuse.- Lvs. purple beneath. Fls. inodorous, purple, † Asia Minor.
6. GLAUX, L. Black Saltwort. (Gr. bluish or glaucous; from the hue of the plant.) Calyx campanulatc, 5-lobed, colored; corolla none ; stamens 5 ; capsule roundish, surrounded by the calyx, 5-valved, 5-seeded.- Maritime, branching, glabrous, with opposite lvs. and small axillary, solitary fls.
G. maritima L. A small, fleshy plant, found occasionally on the salt marshes on the sea coast, Can. to N. J. Stem more or less procumbent at base, 4 to 6' high, smooth, brandling and very leafy. Lvs. 3/4 in length, roundish-ovate, obtuse, entire, nearly or quite sessile, smooth, fleshy and darkly glaucous. Cal. white, tinged with red. Jl
7. TRIENTA'LIS, L. Chickweed Wintergreen. (Lat. triens, the third part of a foot (4') ; alluding to the height of the plant.) Calyx and corolla 7 (6 to 8)-parted, spreading; stamens 7 (6 to 8) ; fruit capsular, somewhat fleshy, oo-seeded.-St. low, simple. Lvs. subvcrticil-late. Pedicel 1-flowered.
T. Americana Ph. St. erect, simple, leafless at base; lvs. glomerate, few, narrow-lanceolate, serrulate, acuminate; sep. linear, acuminate.-This little plant is common in the rocky woods of Can., N. States, southward to Atalanta, Ga. St. 3 to 6' high, with an irregular whorl of 4 to 8, lanceolate, smooth and shining lvs. at the top. In the midst of these are 1 to 4 white, star-like fls., borne on simple, filiform pedicels. The lvs. are mostly 3' long and 1' wide. Segm. of cor. longer than the acute cal. lvs. May, Jn.
8. NAUMBUR'GIA, Mœnch. (Dedicated to one Naumburg, an early German botanist.) Calyx and corolla deeply 5 to 6-parted; petals linear-lanceolate, spreading, separated by minute intervening teeth; stamens 5 to 6, inserted into the base of the corolla, exserted, anthers cordate ; capsule globous, 5-valved; seeds few, on a globous placenta, - with opposite lvs. Fls. small, in dense, thyrsoid racemes. (Ly-simachia L.)
N. thyrsiflora Mœnch.-An erect, smooth herb, about 2f high, Mass., Vt., N. Y., W. to Ohio, N. to Arc. Am. Lvs. many pairs, sessile, lanceolate acute, entire, punctate, somewhat canescent beneath, 2 to 3' by 1/2 to 1'. Rac. somewhat capitate, on filiform, axillary ped. Fls. yellow. Stam. much exserted, united into a lube at base. Jn.
9. LYSIMACH'IA, L. Loose-strife. (To Lysimachus, King of Sicily, who first used it. Pliny.) Calyx 5-parted, rotate or campanu-late, tube very short; stamens 5, inserted into the corolla at base; filaments often somewhat connate or with intervening, sterile ones ; capsule globous, 5 to 10-valved, opening at the apex ; seeds few or many. -Herbs with opposite or verticillate entire lvs. (Fls. yellow.)
§ Sterile filaments 0. Perfect stamens 5. unequal. Leaves and often the flowers dotted, (a)
a Flowers verticillate, in a terminal, bracted raceme.......
a Flowers opposite or verticillate, axillary or panicled.....
Nos. 3, 4
§ Sterile filaments 5 short teeth interposed between the perfect stamens Dotless. (b)
b Stem erect. Leaves opposite, acute and tapering at base.....
. Nos. 5. 6
b Stem erect. Leaves opposite, obtuse or subcordate at base..
b Stem decumbent and trailing. Leaves opposite............
1 L. stricta Ait. Simple or branched, erect; lvs. opposite (rarely) ternate, lanceolate or lance-linear, glabrous, punctate, acute, sessile ; fls. verticillate, in a long, lax, terminal raceme; pet. lanceolate spreading.- In low, wet grounds, Can., N. Eng. to Va. and Ohio. Plant smooth, 1-2f high, raceme 6-8' long. Ped. 1' long, spreading, each with a subulate bract at base. Stamens 2 long and 3 short, united at base. Fls. yellow, streaked with purple. After flowering it throws out bulblets from the axils of the leaves, which will produce new plants the following spring. Jl.