This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
the projecting part of the throat of a gaping corolla, or base of the lower lip.
the inner glume, enclosing the flower in a Grass.
with lobes radiating from a centre like fingers of a hand.
addicted to a marshy habitat.
a raceme with clusters of branched flowers.
butterfly-like, as the flowers of a Pea, Vetch, etc.
a small wart-like protuberance.
the hairy outgrowth of the fruit in Composites.
a plant which lives on a living plant and draws nutriment from it.
divided not quite to the base.
spreading nearly at right angles.
a branch from a peduncle which bears a flower.
shield-shaped, with the stalk attached below or above the surface, not to the margin.
plants that live for several years, seeding several times.
when the stem is encircled by a leaf, almost or entirely.
the outer whorls of a flower, or the calyx and corolla.
the seed vessel or wall of an ovary which forms a fruit.
when the corolla and stamens are borne on the calyx, but are not attached to the ovary.
the division of a corolla.
furnished with stamens and pistil.
the recording of the time of flowering, budding of leaves, etc.
the bracts of the involucre in a Composite.
the general structure or characters of a floral tract.
with stiff scattered hair.
with the leaflets arranged on either side of a common stalk.
when the leaf is deeply divided pin-nately almost to the midrib into narrow segments.
the segment of a bipinnate leaf.
the female part of a flower, including ovary, style, and stigma.
flowers with pistils and without stamens.
with depressions on the surface.
plicate or folded.
in a botanical formation there are groups of different species such as woodland, grassland, heath, etc. Each group is an association.
Plant community (see Community).
a community of species, such as that of clays and loams, associated together by definite external characters of the habitat; an expression of certain defined conditions of life (not affected by floristic differences).
the removal of the crown of a tree causing branches to sprout out.
the cells (microspores) contained in the anther.
a grain of pollen or microspore.
the sporangium containing the microspores.
the outgrowth of the pollen-grain which helps to fertilize the plant.
a mass of pollen-grains adhering together.
seeding more than once.
with separate petals.
with several sepals not coherent.
a fleshy false fruit with many seeds.
when the anthers dehisce by holes.
a hard, sharp epidermal process not woody.
prostrate, lying on the ground.
flat on the ground.
when the anthers ripen and dehisce before the stigma.
when the stigma is ripe before the anthers dehisce.
addicted to a sand-soil.
with down closely pressed to the surface.
a simple centripetal inflorescence with stalked flowers.
the axis of a compound leaf or the central stem of several spikelets in a Grass.
springing from the crown of the root as leaves.
the outer circle of florets in a composite.
(1) the terminal part of the floral axis; (2) the flat, short axis of a flowerhead in Composites.
bent back (markedly so).
an underground stem, with roots and leafy shoots.
gaping, of a corolla.
different geological formations.
which contribute to characterize the different rock-soils that make up a subsoil.
a thick, short root like a rhizome.
plants that have short internodes and close-set leaves, as the Daisy.
the top of the pistil, in Orchids forming a beak or division between stamen and stigma.
wheel-shaped, with short tube.
developing on soil derived by the disintegration of rock by atmospheric agency, e.g. the chalk.
with the leaf segments turned back.
a prostrate stem rooting at intervals or at the end.
growing on rocks.
with segments like the barb of an arrow.
an indehiscent winged fruit; as the key of an Ash. Saprophyte, growing on dead or decaying animal or vegetable matter.
growing on stones, walls, etc. Scabrous, rough.
a peduncle which is without leaves and radical.