THE gorgeous living beauty of the heath and moorland in midsummer tells rather of untold wealth than of a poor soil. The "jewels of earth's diadem" are scattered in profusion, and speak of Him "Whose hand hath shed wild flowers In clefts o' the rock, and clothed green knolls with grass, And clover, and sweet herbs, and honey dews Shed in the starlight bells, where the brown bees Draw sweets."

On the heath we shall find many a curious trefoil and honey-bottle. Here the Zigzag Clover (Trifolium medium), with its purple flower and zigzag stem. Here, too, is the Hare's-foot Trefoil (T. arvense), with its small white round cap of flowers and silky hairs. Here, too, are the small Yellow Trefoils and the peculiar Hop and Bird's-foot Trefoil, creeping over the molehills and making glad the green places.

Here, too, we shall find our five native species of Heath (Erica), with their purple or rose-coloured bells, which cannot be mistaken for any other plant's. The Fine-leaved Heath is the commonest of all the species, and is put to a variety of uses. The young shoots were used in brewing, and it formed the Highlander's bed. It roofs his shanty, tans his leather, dyes his tartan, and catches his fish. The bees hum over the bells, and the moor-cock feeds on its seeds. Perhaps the Ling (Calluna vulgaris) is more common than the other. It is the Heather of Scotland, where it grows some two or three feet high. Its small leaves are pressed close to the branches, and it has lighter colour and smaller flowers than the heaths. "Who does not know " The thyme strong scented 'neath one's feet, And marjoram so doubly sweet" ?

The Wild Thyme {Thymus serpyllum) sheds its fragrance o'er many a mossy bank, and gives ease to many an aching head when made into tea. As for the odoriferous Marjoram (Origanum vulgare), its taller stem is surmounted by a spike of purple flowers like the thyme too, only there are larger floral leaves amongst it. The sweet bags in our grandmothers' drawers were redolent of marjoram and lavender.

The Creeping Cinquefoil (Potentilla reptans) creeps amongst the grass, and shows its yellow flowers and five-fingered leaves on the low-lying bushes; and not far off will be the common Tormentil (Potentilla tor-mentilla), with its slender stems and its three leaflets, which number five as they approach the flower-stalks. Here, too, is a plant which furnishes not only a dye from its large woody roots, but also a valuable tanning for leather. Our Lady's Bed or Beadstraw (Galium verum) is common on heathy soils, with its multitudinous little yellow flowers.

The greyish-blue heads of the Sheepsbit (Jasione montana) is sometimes mistaken for the scabious, but it grows on slender stems by hundreds and thousands amongst the grass on the downs and hill-sides, where it is eaten by the sheep and decorates the landscape. Its smell when crushed is very disagreeable.

The Trailing St. John's Wort (Hypericum humi-fusum) grows on slender stems some six inches long on the heathlands, and both flower and cup are dotted with black. It has all the characteristics of its tribe.

The Cotton or Cudweeds are very singular-looking woolly-looking plants. The common Heath variety (Filago Germanica) has a sturdy stem of about a foot high, and from its head, which is scarcely larger than a hazel nut, grow two or three flower-stalks bearing a head of blossom. It is allied to the everlasting plants of our gardens. The Dwarf Cudweed (Gnaphalium supinum) has a small close head of yellow flowers on a leafless but woolly stem, which rises just above the grass; the thick leaves lie about the root. The Mountain Everlasting or Catsfoot (G. dioica) loves the mountain heath. Its chaffy flowers grow a few inches, and the oblong leaves are woolly beneath. The barren stems lie on the ground.

The fragrant Orchis (Gymnadenia eonopsea) loves a dry, chalky, hilly spot to show its red spikes. Its sweet scent will enable it to be easily recognized. On the heathland in July we may look for the delicate stems of the Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis), where the soil is dry and open. This is not the blue-eyed speedwell, but the true euphrasy of the poets. Its small white flowers are streaked with purple, which sometimes tinges the whole flower. It is still used for eye-water, but we know not if it is yet steeped in wine, as of old, to improve the memory. The plant is small, with notched leaves, but it is not uncommon.

Near it will possibly be found the pretty Birdsfoot (Ornithopus perpusillus), with its butterfly blossoms and its spray of tender leaflets composed of from six to nine pairs. The cream-coloured blossoms are marked with red lines, and the seed-pods have an awkward resemblance to a bird's foot: hence its name.

As we ascend the steeps we shall find the size of the flowers becoming smaller, and they bloom later than in the lowlands. The Moss Campion (Silene acaulis) is scarcely above four inches high when it opens its somewhat large purple, sometimes white, bells to the light, on the mountain summits even of Snow-don, and hence it is known as the Snowdon pink. Here we shall find the Thrift (Armeria vulgaris), as well as on the sea-shore, with the yellow-tinted Poppy and its companions, the Saxifrages. The London Pride (Saxifraga umbrosa), so common in cottage gardens, is common only on Irish mountains, where it is known as Saint Patrick's cabbage: its wax-like finely marked pink flowers, in a loose panicle, are well known. The Mossy Saxifrage (S. hypnoides) shows its white stars on mountain rocks. The Starry Saxifrage (S. stellaris) loves the bubbling mountain spring, like the white stonecrop: its white flowers are exceedingly beautiful. The Yellow Mountain Saxifrage (S. aizoides) has glu-mous and downy stalks, and is found by the rill-side: its golden flowers are very beautifully marked with orange spots. The Purple Saxifrage (8. oppositifolia), with its hair-fringed leaves, and lovely purple blossom, which grows on a leafy stalk, loves the wet mossy crags of Snowdon and the Scottish highlands, where the Alpine Clustered Saxifrage (S. nivalis) may bo also found: the pure white flowers bloom like a button on a leafless stem.