14. Carex Rosea Schk. Stellate Sedge

Fig. 881

Carex rosea Schk.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 237. 1805. Carex rosea var. radiata Dewey, Am. Journ. Sci. 10: 276. 1826. Carex rosea var. minor Boott, 111. Car. 2: 81. 1860.

Rather bright green, culms very slender or filiform, erect or reclining, rough above, 1°-2 1/2° long. Leaves flat, soft, spreading, 1/2"-l 1/2" wide, shorter than the culm; lower bract filiform or bristle-like, $-4 long; spikes 2-8, androgynous, subglobose, 1 1/2"- 4" in diameter, 2-15-flowered, the 2 to 4 upper close together, the others distant; perigynia narrowly to broadly ovoid-lanceolate, flat, bright green, stellately diverging or sometimes ascending, somewhat spongy at base and with a slightly raised margin, nerveless or nearly so, shining, 1"-2" long, rather more than 1/2" wide, tapering or contracted into a stout, rough, 2-toothed beak about one-fourth the length of the body; scales ovate-oblong to ovate-orbicular, obtuse or acutish, persistent, white-hyaline, half as long as the perigynia; stigmas 2.

In woods and thickets, Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to Georgia, Nebraska and Arkansas. Ascends to 2500 ft.

in Virginia. May-July.

14 Carex Rosea Schk Stellate Sedge 88114 Carex Rosea Schk Stellate Sedge 882

15. Carex Muricata L. Lesser Prickly Sedge

Fig. 882

Carex muricata L. Sp. PI. 974 (in part). 1753. Carex contigua Hoppe; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Heft 61. 1835.

Bright green, culms slender, erect, roughish above, 1°-2 1/2° tall, not wing-angled. Leaves 1 '-1 1/2" wide, shorter than the culm, not conspicuously septate-nodulose; sheaths tight, not transversely rugulose; bracts short; spikes 5-10, 4-10-flowered, all clustered into an oblong head 7 1/2"-20" long, or the lower 1 or 2 little distant; perigynia ovate or ovate-lanceolate, dull green, 2"-3" long, 1" wide, smooth, shining, nerveless, ascending when young, spreading when mature, tapering into a rough-edged 2-toothed beak as long as the body; scales ovate or ovate-oblong, green or brownish, usually reddish-purple tinged, acute, somewhat shorter than the perigynia; stigmas 2.

In meadows and fields, southern Maine to Ohio and Virginia. Locally naturalized from Europe. Called also Greater prickly sedge. June-Aug.

Carex echinata Murr. a closely related European species, but with an elongated interrupted head, has been found in Kent County, New Brunswick, as a waif.

16. Carex Muhlenbergii Schk. Muhlenberg's Sedge

Fig. 883

Carex Muhlenbergii Schk.; Willd. Sp. PI. 4: 231. 1805. Carex Muhlenbergii var. enervis Boott, 111. 124. 1862.

Light green, culms slender but stiff and erect, sharply 3-angled, rough above, 1°-3° tall. Leaves 1"-2 1/2" wide usually shorter than the culm, somewhat involute in drying; bracts bristle-form, not conspicuously enlarged at base, usually short; spikes 4-10, androgynous, ovoid or subglobose, distinct, the lower separate, but close together in an oblong head ii"-i8" long; perigynia spreading, broadly ovate-oval, 1 1/2" long, 1" wide, from strongly nerved on both faces to nearly or quite nerveless, contracted into a 2-toothed beak nearly half length of body; scales hyaline with a green midvein, ovate-lanceolate, rough-cuspidate or short-awned, narrower than and about length of perigynia; stigmas 2.

In dry fields and on hills. Maine to Ontario and Minnesota, south to Florida and Texas. May-July.

16 Carex Muhlenbergii Schk Muhlenberg s Sedge 883