Annual herbs, with petioled purple or discolored leaves, and small flowers in loose bracted racemes. Calyx campanulate, 10-nerved, 5-cleft, nearly regular in flower, enlarging, declined and becoming 2-lipped in fruit, the upper lip 3-toothed, the lower 2-cleft, the throat not bearded. Corolla-tube not longer than the calyx, the throat obliquely campanulate, the limb 5-cleft, the lower lobe slightly the larger. Stamens 4, nearly equal, or the posterior pair shorter, erect, divergent; anthers 2-celled. Style deeply 2-cleft; ovary 4-parted. Nutlets globose, reticulated. [The native name in India.]

One or 2 species, natives of Asia, the following typical.

38 Perilla Ard L Gen Pi Ed 6 Add 578 1764 364

1. Perilla Frutescens (L.) Britton. Perilla. Beef-Steak Plant

Fig. 3693

Ocimiim frutescens L. Sp. Pl. 597. 1753. Perilla ocimoides L. Gen. Ed. 6, Add. 578. 1764. P. frutescens Britton, Mem. Torr. CI. 5: 277. 1894.

Purple or purple-green, sparingly pubescent; stem stout, erect, much branched, l°-3° high, leafy. Leaves long-petioled, broadly ovate, acuminate at the apex, narrowed at the base, coarsely dentate or incised, 3'-6' long and nearly as wide; racemes terminal and axillary, many-flowered, 3'-6' long; pedicels spreading, 1 1/2"-3" long in fruit; calyx minute in flower, much enlarged, gibbous at the base and densely pilose-pubescent in fruit; corolla purple or white, 1 1/2" long, with a woolly ring within.

In waste places, escaped from gardens, Connecticut to Florida, Illinois, Missouri and Texas. Native of India. July-Oct.