This fine Lily may be found embellishing our meadows in June, when it rarely produces more than from one to five modest, nodding, but showy flowers, on stems one to three feet high. It is very much improved by cultivation, and, when planted in rich ground, has been known to grow five feet high, with a pyramid of at least twenty of its pendulous flowers; color from yellow to deep orange scarlet. The flowers are profusely spotted with brown, on the inside, and are but little reflexed.
L. Philadelphicum - The Common Red Lily of our pastures and dry fields; equal, if not superior, in beauty, to Is. Canadense, but of a different habit. Its height rarely exceeds two feet, with one to three flowers, the petals of which are supported on a long claw; upright, of a dark vermillion color, richly spotted with black. The flowers are bell-shaped; in bloom in July. This species may, no doubt, be as greatly improved by cultivation as L. Canadense. It would then form one of the most showy ornaments of the garden, as the color of the flower is rich and brilliant. If ten or fifteen flowers could be produced on one stem, the effect of a group of plants would be surpassingly rich.
A splendid species, introduced within a few years under the name of L. excelsum. The plants grow four or five feet high, forming a regular pyramid of lanceolate leaves, upon a stout thick stem, crowned with six or eight large nodding Lilies, of a delicate straw or nankin color, finely set off by their prominent scarlet anthers; the bulbs are very large; perfectly -hardy.
This new and magnificent species of Lily lately introduced from Japan, is thus described by Dr. Lindley:-
"If ever a flower merited the name of glorious, it is this, which stands far above all other Lilies, whether we regard its size, its sweetness, or its exquisite arrangement of color. Imagine, upon the end of a purple stem, not thicker than a ramrod, and not above two feet high, a saucer-shaped flower at least ten inches in diameter, composed of six spreading, somewhat crisp parts, rolled back at their points, and having an ivory-white skin, thinly strewn with purple points or studs, and oval or roundish prominent purple stains. To this add, in the middle of each of the six parts, a broad stripe of light satin-yellow, loosing itself gradually in the ivory skin. Place the flower in a situation where side-light is cut off, and no direct light can reach it except from above, when the stripes acquire the appearance of gentle streamlets of Australian gold, and the reader who has not seen it, may form some feeble notion of what it is. Fortunately ten thousand eyes beheld it at South Kensington, and they can fill up the details of the picture. From this delicious flower, there arises the perfume of orange blossoms sufficient to fill a large room, but so delicate as to respect the weakest nerves. It is botanically allied to L. speciosum on the one hand, and to the orange-red L. Thunbergianum on the other; but it is wholly different from either."
At the present time this splendid Lily is scarce, selling for $5 per bulb.