Dodecatheon is a name of the Romans, signifying twelve gods or divinities.

D. media. - American Cowslip. - A highly ornamental plant, displaying its flowers in May and June; throwing up stems a foot high, with a large, umbel-like cluster of singularly beautiful pale purple flowers. The petals are reflexed, or thrown back from the centre, like the Cyclamen. There is a variety with white flowers. Soon after flowering, the foliage dies down, and the plant is dormant during the summer, when it may be propagated by parting the roots, leaving a bud, or the rudiments of one, on the crown of each. It is a native of the west and south, and perfectly hardy.