By the middle of August, or the first of September, the plants will require to be repotted; this must be done with care and judgment. The plants must be turned out of the pots; the balls of earth about the roots reduced, by rubbing with the hands, taking off the decayed fibres and dried roots. After putting to the bottom of the new pots the crocks or broken pots, or charcoal, let there be enough of the new compost put over the crocks to raise the ball to the required height; then set the ball of roots in the centre of the pot, and fill round with the compost, using a stick to settle the earth about the roots of the plants. After the plants are all potted, give them a good syringing, and leave them in a shady, airy place.
Washing the leaves of Camellias, Oranges, and some other plants, with a soft sponge, gives a healthy look to the plants, and is of great service to them.
Geraniums, or Pelargoniums, should be cut in very close, as they will make much finer plants, and start with greater vigor, and give a greater profusion of bloom, than if this were neglected. It will not be necessary to repot the Roses quite so early as the Geraniums, Camellias, and some other plants; they may be kept out much longer, and exposed to severe frosts before they are potted. The branches should then be reduced to three or four buds, and the pots stowed away in the cellar for a couple of months.
Fuchsias may be treated in the same way. When brought into the room, in January, they will grow with great vigor, and give a finer bloom than if started earlier.
It is better to keep most of the plants rather cool during the months of November and December, and all the hardier kinds should be kept out of doors as long as possible. A slight frost will not injure a great majority of parlor plants; but a hard frost, although it might not destroy them, would weaken them very much. Geraniums, Heliotropes, Begonias, Salvias, and others of like tenderness, should be housed as soon as hard frosts are expected.