There is no general rule that will enable everyday folks to recognize each wild flower by its common name at first sight. It will be found quite as necessary to depend upon the imagination and reasoning powers as the use of the eyes in this respect. It is true that as one becomes better acquainted with various species, he can usually tell by some characteristic or peculiarity to what family an individual belongs, just as we can distinguish the Chinaman by his "pig tail" and slanting eyes, or the African by his woolly hair and chocolate skin; and equally as well he can tell the manner and place in which they chose to live, even as diversified as that of the Esquimaux, Cliff Dweller, or Hottentot. Let us take, for example, the Wind Flower. This name might as well have been applied to the Hepatica or the Spring Beauty, or Dandelion, so far as the wind is concerned. On the other hand, the name Spring Beauty could with equal propriety be applied to the Wind Flower, Hepatica, or a host of other early flowers for that matter. We hear of a flower referred to as the Bloodroot. The name is very suggestive and has real significance, but in our search to find it, we could hardly be expected to roam about pulling up every strange flower to see if its root is full of blood. It might just as well be called "bloodstem" as its leaf and flower stems have the same "bleeding" habit when they are plucked. Happily, however, many common names, such as Bloodroot, Cardinal Flower, Bluebell, or Wintergreen, really assist in their identification. And so we come upon the Goldthread. Hear the name alone and we might search in vain for this plant unless we happen to uproot it, but the instant we see the bright rootlets, we know why it received its name, and we shall not easily forget it. But imagine looking for wind in the Wind Flower, or for the wind exclusively where this Anemone grows, and for only one Spring Beauty when there are dozens of wild flowers equally deserving the same title. It is right here that scientific classification demands observance, and this subject is thus briefly introduced with the sincere hope that the reader will eventually become deeply interested in its study. The small, solitary, glossy-white flowers of the Goldthread appear from May to August in cool, moist, mossy woods and bogs from Maryland and Minnesota to Alaska. The prominent calyx might easily be mistaken for petals. The sepals are narrow and pointed, white in colour, with a yellowish base, and from five to seven in number. These petal-like sepals soon fall away. The five or six real petals are very small and inconspicuous and are easily confused with the numerous stamens and pistils, from which they may be distinguished by their club-shaped, hollow-pointed ends. This low, perennial herb grows from three to five inches high. The shining, evergreen, fan-shaped leaves are prominently veined, and like the flowers, they are borne on long, slender stems rising directly from the root. They are compounded of three small, wedge-shaped, dark green leaflets having sharply notched edges. The roots, from which the common name is derived, are slender with numerous long, forked, bright yellow, thread-like parts. They are quite bitter to the taste, and yield a yellow dye. Country people make a tea of them, which is used as an invigorating spring tonic. In New England the steepings of the dried roots are used as a gargle for canker spots in the mouth and throat, and they are also chewed as a remedy for these affections. The scientific name Coptis is from the Greek, meaning to cut, and alludes to the margins of the leaves.