The Yellow Pond Lily grows rankest in shallow water along the margins of slow-moving streams and stagnant ponds, where great patches of the large coarse, bright green leaves grow above the surface of the water so thickly that it is almost impossible, sometimes, to push a canoe or rowboat through them. Muddy bottoms and sunny exposures cause them to grow in greatest profusion, from April to September. The flower is stiff and waxy, and has the appearance of being a stunted blossom, which had become deformed before it had a chance to mature. Many a stranger from the city has scoffed the idea of wet feet in order to secure one of these golden cups, only to cast it aside with a keen sense of disgust and disappointment. The Spatter-dock encroaches persistently on artificial ponds, which have been made by constructing dams across small streams, causing the water to back up and flood the shallow land adjacent thereto, for the purpose of harvesting ice during the winter. It often happens that a considerable area of a pond becomes choked with the leaves of this plant, and unless checked in some way, they would cause the loss of many tons of marketable ice. To overcome this difficulty, the owners usually open the locks and release the water during midsummer, allowing the ponds to run dry for several weeks. While this operation does not always kill the roots, it does affect the foliage, which causes the trouble, and it is left to the mercy of the sun. In the early fall the floodgates are closed, and the rising water insures a clear field of ice. Anyone not familiar with the construction of the Spatter-dock's blossom would naturally describe it as a yellow flower, having six large, yellow petals, and a great, big pistil, surrounded with many stamens. But let us see what it really is. It is a large flower, all right, having six large, concave sepals - not petals - which form an orange-shaped cup, measuring from one and one-half to three and one-half inches in diameter. Three of these petal-like sepals are slightly larger than the others, and form the inner row of an alternate arrangement with the three smaller ones which support them. They are bright yellow in colour, shading to a light green at their base, and occasionally they are stained with purple. Immediately inside this yellow-lined bowl are the real petals, forming a ring around the thick, compound pistil. They are stamen-like, fleshy, oblong, and numerous, and are comparatively short, less than half an inch in length. The many yellow stamens are arranged in five, six, or seven rows directly around the pistil, from which they radiate, and recurving prettily, fill the cup. The flat top of the great stigma or pistil, which is compounded or composed of many carpels or simple pistils, is orange-red or yellow, and is strikingly decorated with a starlike design, having from twelve to twenty-four rays. The flowers are not possessed of a pleasing odour, and this accounts for much of its unattractiveness. In England they are called Brandy Bottles, a name which knowing ones claim is suggested by its odour, and which others attribute to the shape of its seed cases. They are found either floating or erected above the water, in common with its foliage. The large, smooth, shining leaves are tough and leathery, and measure from six to twelve inches in length. They are deeply cleft or heart-shaped at the base, and ovate in general, with a rounded tip and toothless margins. The long, smooth, thick, light green stems of the leaves and flowers rise to the surface of the water from the thick horizontal rootstock which is anchored in the mud. The leaf stems are sometimes flattened on one side. The roots are said to have been used by the Indians as food. This Pond Lily ranges from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, south to Florida and westward to the Rocky Mountains, Texas and Utah.