(Plate II.)








Mass. southward.

Time of Bloom


Flowers: very small; crowded on a spadix. Leaves: on long petioles; floating; oblong. Scape: naked; slender.

Of all the aquatics the golden club is perhaps the most curious. It is a simple member of its family. The Arums have been most careful to envelope their flowers in a generous spathe, that they might appear before the world in a seemly garment. The wild calla, Jack-in-the-pulpit, even the skunk cabbage, have all adhered most closely to this little conventionality. It must be something of a shock to their sense of propriety to have the golden club dispense with this clothing and flaunt itself before the world with no protection whatever for its poor little flowers. Whether the plant is more advanced in its theories and at some future time we shall see all the members of this lovely family without their spathes, we do not know. But if wishes are powerful we may sincerely hope that it shall not come to pass.

Writers that are familiar with the diet of the Indians tell us that the plant is known to them as Taw-kee and that they find the dried seeds very good when boiled like peas. They eat the roots, also, after they have been roasted. The red man, with his instinct for scenting the properties of herbs, does not need the botanist to caution him that when raw they are very poisonous.