SHRUBS with evergreen, linear, mucronate, alternate leaves, the pistillate flower consisting of a single ovule (not in a cone).

1. T. canadensis Marsh. American Yew. A low sprawling shrub, seldom over 1 m. high; leaves 2-ranked, dark green above, yellowish-green beneath, 12-30 mm. long, about 2 mm. wide, persistent on twigs in drying; seed mostly surrounded by a fleshy aril which when mature becomes 6 mm. long, red, juicy, sweet, resembling the fruit of angiosperms, often persistent into winter. Rich woods and thickets, Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to Iowa and the mountains of Kentucky (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1. Taxus canadensis

Fig. 1. Taxus canadensis.