The hip is the large red berry, or seed, of the hedge or dog-rose. Gather hips when ripe. Boil them in water till they will pulp through a very fine sieve. Take an equal weight of sugar to that of fruit, boil the hip pulp with the same quantity of sugar thoroughly, as for any other jam. Fill a stone jar three-parts full with this jam; it is liable to ferment and requires space.
When used mix it well with a wineglass of white wine, and add sugar if required.
This jam is very good.
Charlock is a common weed in cornfields. It much resembles mustard; the young sprouts make excellent greens.
The Nettle gathered in early spring is excellent. It is a very nutritious vegetable. It should be cut before it shows any flowers, for after blooming it becomes stringy. It is served on toast like spinach, or pressed into a tin mould in the shape of a large leaf. (See plate.) To dress Nettles they must be well washed and picked, then put them into a very large saucepan with just sufficient water to prevent their burning, sprinkling in a wooden spoonful of salt Press them down with a large spoon, and when they are quite done drain them in a colander, and chop them up very fine. Mix them with a piece of butter the size of an egg, and a little pepper, put them into a stewpan and make them very hot, press them into a tin, leaf-shape. (These shapes can be purchased at any tin-shop).
1. Iced Pudding.
2. Biscuit Puddings.
3. Apple love Knots.
4. Floating Islands.
5. Tomatoess & Eggs.
6. Rumbled Eggs.
7. Broiled Lobster.
Steel dipped in the juice of the nettle becomes flexible. Lint dipped in nettle juice will stop bleeding of the nose if applied to the nostril.
Its seeds are said to be a remedy for goitre.
Nettles are very good for young chickens; plenty should be left within their range.
Constituents: Lupulin - volatile oil - narcotic - aromatic resin. - The hop plant was brought into England from the Low Countries in the reign of Henry VIII., about 1524. It is now extensively cultivated in England, Belgium, and the United States. The best English hops are the Worcestershire and Herefordshire for pale ale; the Sussex and Mid-Kent are the strongest.
The active principle of the hop is a bitter resinous matter called lupulin, and also an essential oil, both of which act on the nervous system. They prevent beer from decomposing and turning acid. Hops are gathered by the hand in September and October, rapidly dried in a kiln, and closely packed in pockets or bags.
Hops have long been celebrated for their narcotic virtues, and to the wakeful invalid a hop pillow has often brought refreshing sleep. The effect is produced by the escape of the volatile narcotic ingredient which is contained in the oil.
Hop-tops are a capital vegetable.