Heir. - The person born in wedlock, in allegiance to the Crown, and entitled to the undevised freehold estates of inheritance of a deceased person. Copyhold estates descend to the heir according to the particular custom of the manor.
Home. - A bequest for the support of a "Home of Rest for Lady Teachers" is a good charity; so, too, a bequest to the "Home for the Homeless."
Hospitality. - A gift for "hospitality or charity" is void for uncertainty.
Intestate. - Person who dies without having made a will.
Legatee. - A person who benefits under a will by receiving a legacy.
Necklaces. - A testatrix left her "necklaces of every description" to A, and her "pearls" to B. Held, that a pearl necklace passed to the former.
Permit. - A devise of freeholds to A to "permit and suffer" B to receive the rents, gives the legal estate to B. A direction in a will that the trustees in whom the legal estate is vested "shall permit" A "at any time and from time to time to reside at" a certain house, makes A a tenant for life of the house within the Settled Land Act.
Personal Estate. - All a person's goods and chattels, moneys, leases for years, funded property and shares, etc.
Property. - Is the most comprehensive of all terms which can be used, and is indicative and descriptive of every possible interest which the party can have.
Real Effects. - The natural and the meaning in common language and speech is real property.
Relations. - The primary and accurate meaning is "legitimate relatives." But in a case where a testator made a gift "to my wife's relations as she may direct," the wife being illegitimate and childless, such persons as would have been the wife's relations if she had been legitimate were included, but not an illegitimate child of one of such relations.
Seized. - A highly technical word, which should never be used by a layman. A foolish old woman, in making her will, made a gift to a certain person of "all real estate of which I may die seized," which was obviously intended to pass some real estate which came to her through her father, but of which she had not acquired the actual possession at the time of her death, and as seized only applies to real estate in actual possession the devise was so limited.
Servants. - Held to include an outdoor servant continuously employed at weekly wages.
Testator, Testatrix. - Man or woman who makes a will.
Trinkets. - Small articles for persona adornment or use, and essentially ornamental, including ivory fans, scent-bottles, shirt-pins, brooches, gilt rings, tortoise-shell purses, but not a plain silver fusee-box.
Unmarried. - The primary meaning is "never having been married," but it may, of course, mean "not having a husband or wife at the time in question." A gift to an unmarried person does not mean that he is to remain unmarried. "So long as she continues unmarried" is not equivalent to "during widowhood," and a divorced woman, if remaining unmarried, continues entitled.
Utensils. - A devise of all utensils does not pass plate and jewels.
Utilitarian Purposes. - A bequest to be applied to utilitarian purposes is void for uncertainty.
Widow. - A woman surviving a man with whom she has gone through the ceremony of marriage, but with regard to whom she had obtained a declaration of nullity of marriage, is not his "widow." A wife divorced who survives her husband is not his "widow" within the Statute of Distribution.
Wife. - A divorced wife is not a "wife" within a general bequest or limitation. But a woman who is only a reputed wife may take as "wife" if, under the circumstances, that word is a clear designation of her, and even an intended wife may take under a bequest to the testator's "wife" under similar circumstances.
Worldly Goods. - Is applicable only to personal estate, and will not generally include realty.