The pecan is a variety of the hickory-nut, growing in the valley of the Mississippi River and its tributaries as far north as Ohio. It is also found very plentifully in Texas. The trees are tall but usually slender, with nearly a smooth bark, the leaves having from thirteen to fifteen leaflets. There are many varieties of the pecan varying in size, form, and thickness of shell : the large, long pecan, the oval pecans, and the small oval. Some of the wild varieties receive local names.
Short Oval Pecan.
Oval Pecan NUt.
Kernel of Pecan.
Among the cultivated sorts, the Stuart, Risien, Van De-man, Ladyfinger, Early Texas, Georgia Melon, Longfellow, and Ribera are some of the best varieties for eating. The pecan is very nutritious and in composition is very nearly the same as the walnut, to which family it belongs, and is excellent for shortening cakes, making roasts, or in mince pies.
Variations in Form of Wild Nut.- 1. Round Conical; 2. Roundish Truncate; 3. Olive-Shaped; 4. Long Conical; 5. Globular; 6. Elongated. Varying Characteristics in Dehiscence.- 7. Nut-Retaining; 8. Nut-Releasing; 9. Thick Hulled. Deterioration of Seedlings. - 10. A Large Nut from Texas; 11. A Seedling from No. 10. Named Varieties.- 12. Post; 13. Biloxi; 14. Risien; 15 .Young.
Named Varieties.- 1. Pearl; 2. Idlewild; 3, 4. Faust; 5. Frotscher; 6. Mc-Callister; 7. Jumbo; 8. Centennial; 9. Van Deman; 10. Mammoth; 11. Stuart; 12. Jewett.