Salsify or "Oyster-plant," as it is generally known, is somewhat similar to parsnips though making a much smaller root; and like parsnips it is uninjured by freezing and may be kept in the ground over winter. Part of the crop, however, should be taken up in the fall for winter use and saved either by storing or by dehydrating, while they yield less than parsnips they make a very agreeable change in the winter vegetable menu, and unless the garden space is very limited a supply should be grown by every one who expects to put up a complete assortment of vegetables for winter use.


While what has been said in general in regard to "Greens" applies to spinach, it should be kept in mind that there are several types and the Varieties for planting for winter use should be selected according to preference and to the season during which they will be grown. For spring sowing use All Seasons and Victoria; these are also good for early summer use. New Zealand, which is of a running habit of growth and gives a continuous yield through the hottest weather, is an entirely distinct type. For fall use, All Seasons and Victoria may be sown again.


Squash, like pumpkin, may be saved for winter by storing, canning, or drying. It would be much more generally grown for summer use if it were commonly recognized that there are bush and small growing varieties which give a heavy yield of medium-sized fruits which will keep excellently for winter. One of these is Fordhook, which may be obtained either in the vine or the bush form. Another which makes a moderate length of vine, with the fruits set close together, is Delicata. Both of these have very hard thin rinds and will keep excellently; they are much earlier in maturing than the standard winter varieties; and can be sown among sweet corn or along the edge of a garden or near a fence, up to the middle of summer, and will yield a generous supply of first quality squashes for winter use, to be either stored or canned or dehydrated. Of the standard winter varieties, Delicious and Warted Hubbard are especially good.


This is another vegetable that is among the very best for winter use. while there are likely to be surpluses from the reg ular crop, if many are to be put up it will be well to make a planting especially for this purpose. Tomatoes yield very heavily and if staked up and cared for are one of the most profitable vegetables for winter which can possibly be grown in the home garden. Being acid, they not only keep excellently themselves but serve as a preservative when put up with other things. They are easily prepared for canning and can be prepared for table in a great variety of ways for winter. while tomatoes cannot be stored over winter, nevertheless, if carefully put up they can be kept until Christmas or later to be used as fresh fruit. Try some this way. (See directions in Chapter 7.)

Many home gardeners make the mistake of trying to obtain the largest fruiting tomatoes which they can. The very largest fruiting sorts are not the heaviest yielders. Get a medium-sized variety of good dark red color, such as Chalk's Jewel, Bonny Best, Matchless, Stone, or Globe. The first two of these are considerably earlier and therefore preferable for late planting, especially for canning. There are varieties with smooth, medium-sized fruit of excellent quality.