EMERGENCIES will occur in every family, and no house should be without appliances necessary in case of accidents or sudden illness, and not only that, but these appliances should be kept together, and in some convenient box, or drawer, where they will be readily accessible to every member of the family. Among these articles should be included all or part of the following:
Soothing Ointment. Arnica. Cotton batting.
Lime and Sweet Oil for Burns.
Bandages, cut and rolled, of different widths.
Boll of old flannel for hot applications.
Adhesive Plasters. Made Mustard Plaster.
Bits of old Linen.
A pair of sharp scissors. Such conveniences may save life, and will save a great deal of confusion and fright.
There are other articles that could be added with propriety. One of these is a couple of flannel bags filled with hops, ready for use.
The best way of applying these is to steam them first. This is a much better way than to scald and stain the hands by wringing out of hot water. Where a simple hot application is to be made, wring a cloth out of warm water. Apply, and lay over this a heated plate, or better still, a hot stove lid rolled in a cloth. This is a very convenient method and will not require to be changed as frequently, one application in mild cases being all that is necessary. It will be found that sand-bags are useful, in this way, and for foot-warmers also. Make of flannel that the sand may not sift through. Have a cotton outside case for washing. Heat in the oven. India rubber water bottles partially filled may be used also.
Insist upon the most perfect cleanliness, and secure as far as possible a supply of pure air. Ventilate the room at least once a day.
Carry the bed-clothing into the open air, if dry weather, if not into another room. If the patient is unable to sit up, in the meanwhile, let others be supplied.
Keep the room quiet and in perfect order.
Address the patient gently, and any conversation that may be allowed, be pleasant and cheering in tone.
Never tell discouraging stories.
Never whisper in the room.
All vials and powders should be labeled to prevent mistakes.
Daily sponge baths should be made use of where the case admits. Change the garments frequently and rinse the mouth often.
A pleasant and agreeable nurse should always be chosen.
Never dispute with a very sick person, nor reprove him for any inconsistency. Remember he is not a responsible being.
Contagious diseases need still greater precautions. Small pox, scarlet fever and diptheria particularly. Remove the patient to a separate apartment, as near the top of the house as possible, from which remove curtains, carpets, bed-hangings, all woolen articles, and other needless articles. Wooden chairs, a table, a plain single bed and a lounge for the convenience of the nurse, are all the needful articles. Afterward everything that is not disinfected should be burned. No one should be admitted to the room except the medical attendant and nurse.
Chloride of lime and other disinfectants should be plentifully used, and a little chloride of lime solution should be put in the water that the nurse uses for bathing her hands. Rinse in pure water.