The location of tree and shrub groups depends largely upon the shape of the grounds, and no two places may be exactly the same in expression when the work is finished. As stated, the first essential is a spacious lawn. Keep the centre of the place open, planting only the borders. This principle applies to the front lawn on all places, large and small. On small places, the simple plan shown at Fig. 83 will illustrate some of the general principles suitable for those who wish pleasant surroundings, but who have not the time or means to care for more extended grounds more elaborately laid out and planted. The simple plan given may be suitable for one or four acres, and includes lawn with shrub groups (6), shade-trees (2), evergreen-trees (3) for a background, vegetable and small fruit garden (10), and an orchard (9) without shelter on the north, but fairly well sheltered on the south, as advised in section (99. Orchard Protection). The plan shows the orchard rows planted closest in north and south rows, with wider spaces between (112. Width of Spaces between Orchard Trees). The back yard (11. Seeds in Shallow Boxes, or "Flats.") should be in grass, well kept, for air-circulation, drying clothes, lawn-tennis, and play-ground. The vegetable and small fruit garden (10. Best Time to Plant) is north of the house and sheltered on the north by the orchard, which is a special advantage in the prairie States and over a large part of the Union.

Suburban or Farm Home.

Fig. 83 - Suburban or Farm Home. a, Amur barberry hedge ; 1, deciduous shade trees : 2, evergreen trees ; 3, house ; 4, barn ; 5, dwarf pines; 6, shrubs ; 7, flowerbed ; 8, perennial bed ; 9, orchard ; 10, garden ; 11, back yard.

Fig. 84 gives a simple plan for planting, with street on the south and west of two corner suburban lots. The view over the lawn is open on the south and west with group of shade trees (4. Seed-saving) and of evergreens at (5. Seed-stratification). The figure is self-explanatory, except the planting of two rows of cherry-and plum-trees down to the lawn on the south, with the round-topped morello cherries as a background of the lawn. Some of the round-headed varieties, such as Spate morello, English morello, Shadow morello, and Early morello, are ornamental during summer and in autumn they hold their foliage as late, or later, than the cut-leaved birch.

Suburban or Farm Home 2

Fig. 84 - Suburban or Farm Home. 1, Deciduous shade trees; 2, evergreen trees; 3 house; 4, barn; 5, dwarf pines; 6, shrubs; 7, flower-beds; 8, perennial beds; 9, orchard; 10, vegetable garden; 11, back. yard.

To still further illustrate the simple laying out of small places, Fig. 85 gives a plan for laying out and planting two inside lots. The house is placed a few feet east of the centre to give room for a group of shade trees on the west. East of the house is a handsome group of conifers with cherry- and plum-trees back of them, screening the barn from the front view. In the corners dwarf pines are shown, but a small, well-kept group of shrubs would often be preferred. The wagon-road for the delivery of wood, coal, or provisions comes through the fruit trees from the alley. The shrub groups in all plans must bo kept pruned as noted in (152. Pruning and Shaping Shrubs).

Inside City Lot

Inside City Lot Fig. 85. - 1, Shade trees; 2, evergreens; 3, plum and cherry; 4, dwarf pine; 5, shrubs; 6, flower-beds; 7, house; 8, barn; 9, garden.