These fruits are not as certain to unite as the apple in grafting unless additional care is taken. The common plan of indoor grafting is by wedge and side-uniting, as shown in Fig. 44. This plan gives uniting cell-surface on both sides of the scion. The grafts are inserted in the crown and only one graft is made from each seedling. They are tied and waxed, as shown in the figure, with the liquid grafting-wax (83. Grafting-wax for Varied Uses). In making the wedge it is desirable to cut both sides the same thickness. If the slope is made thickest on the outer edge the pressure at the bark and cinbium layer is not favorable to the union. In making a crue side cut in the crown of the stock it must be held in some way firmly. A barrel-stave fastened at the back side of the cutting-bench with a wire passing down to a foot-rest, as shown in Fig. 45, answers the purpose well, bat at the point where the stave rests in the stock it must bo padded to prevent injury when pressed down firmly.

Side grafting plum, cherry, and pear.

Fig. 44. - Side-grafting plum, cherry, and pear.

As the grafts are waxed they are rolled in sand to prevent sticking together. In sections where root-killing occurs the use of a long scion set down to the top bud in nursery is desirable where stocks are not entirely hardy. As the scion is inserted at the crown, and the saving of the fibrous part of the root is desirable, the use of the long scion gives a graft twelve or more inches in length. These long grafts need a deeper box in packing. However well cherry and plum grafts are made an even stand in nursery is unusual if the packed boxes are not stored in a cool cave (85. Packing Away the Grafts). If the buds start prior to planting they usually fail to grow.

Plan for holding stocks in side root grafting.

Fig. 45. - Plan for holding stocks in side root-grafting.