This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol3", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
This is an Apple that makes it its business to crop, and scarcely thinks about anything else. It can be thinned as early as the middle of August. If left to mature, the fruit attains a great size. Some Stirling Castles grown in Middlesex in 1909 were sold at Covent Garden at 6s. per dozen. On the Crab stock it cankers badly in cold soils; on the Paradise it will produce heavy crops of fine apples in a very few years. The name Stirling Castle is a passport to top prices all over the Midlands. No plantation should be without this sort.
This is a valuable green cooking apple of comely shape. It has the advantage to the fruiterer of being one of the heaviest apples grown. It is a sturdy grower and a good cropper. It will follow the varieties named above.
This is one of the best Apples ever introduced; there is scarcely a desirable quality it does not possess. The growth of the tree is vigorous without being too spreading, the branches become profusely covered with bloom buds, and it does not blossom too freely to prevent its cropping. The fruit comes clean and even-sized, not too large, yet with few small ones. It will cook well in September or keep till March. It possesses all the cooking qualities of the Wellington, and is four times a more reliable cropper. It does well on either Crab or Paradise stock; and though it prefers warm soils, it will accommodate itself to a strong soil if not too wet and cold.
Fig. 338. - Apple. Lane's Prince Albert. (1/2).
It is especially valuable for grafting on already established trees, where it quickly makes a head and comes into bearing. (See Plate.)
Introduced about 1883 this Apple is becoming very extensively planted. It has many of the qualities that go to make a first-class culinary apple, though its flavour cannot be said to be above the ordinary. A very free grower, it takes a good time to come into bearing, on orchard standards or half-standards fully ten years, while on the Paradise stock it will not bear if closely pruned. This may account for the hesitancy there was about it until quite recently. The close pruners condemned it as a "no cropper", and it was not until someone had "let it go" long enough to enable it to reveal its true character that there was any confidence in it. Nevertheless it is an Apple that is safer to plant on poor clays and light soils than in fertile spots where its free growing disposition will lead it to dissipation. The fruit is in season up to January.
A very fine apple in some places but poor in others. The fruit is large and even, yellow, flushed and striped with red. Cooking qualities good. Season, December to April.
No list of culinary Apples will perhaps be considered complete without this Apple, though of all the sorts mentioned here it is the least to be recommended.
Mr. Bunyard says it is the largest apple grown, and has scaled 32 oz. in Kent. It makes a very spreading tree on the Crab, and wants more room than the crop it bears deserves. It will canker in cold soils. On the Paradise it does better and crops more freely. It can be gathered at the end of September, or will keep all the winter; and it has been known to keep until apples had come in again.