This section is from the book "Commercial Gardening Vol4", by John Weathers (the Editor). Also available from Amazon: Commercial Gardening, A Practical & Scientific Treatise For Market Gardeners.
A genus of dwarf evergreen shrubs with leathery shiny leaves, and small white fragrant flowers, followed by red berries. The best-known kinds are: 8. Fortunei(often called japonica), and 8. japonica, with a small (pollen-bearing) form known as fragrans, and a female (seed-bearing) one, oblata. Increased by cuttings in sandy soil in frames, and by layering.