: Cinnamomum.


: Silene.


(Greek, bent sori, alluding to the irregular arrangement). Polypodiaceae. Two species of hardy ferns, with simple pointed leaves, which take root at the apex, and are hence known as "walking-leaf ferns." A single species is native mostly on lime-bearing rocks, and an allied species is known from Japan and N. Asia.


Link. Fig. 776. Leaves evergreen, simple, tapering from a heart-shaped base, 4-12 in. long; veins forming meshes near the midrib; sori irregularly scattered, linear, straight or bent. Canada to Ala. - Sometimes grown in rockeries and wild gardens. L. M. Underwood.

Camptosorus rhizophyllus. (X 1/3)

Fig. 776. Camptosorus rhizophyllus. (X 1/3)


: Hoffmannia.


: Polypodium.


: British North America.


: Rumex Hymenosepalus.


: Canan-Gium.


(from the Canary Islands). Campanu-laceae. Cool-house tuberous-rooted herb closely allied to Campanula, but with the tubes of the calyx and corolla grown together, and the floral parts in 6's. - Three species. C. Campanula, Lam., is a tender perennial from the Canaries, about 6-8 ft. tall, with drooping, inflated buds and solitary, bell-shaped flowers more than 1 in. long and 1 1/2 in. wide, dull yellow, flushed and veined with dull purplish brown: the lobes of the corolla strongly reflexed: leaves hastate, coarsely repand-dentate: fruit a fleshy berry. B.M. 444. - Intro, by Franceschi in 1895.

Canary-Bird Flower

: Tropaeolum.

Canary Grass

: Phalaris.


: Euphorbia Antisyphilitica

Candleberry, Candlenut

: Aleuriles.


: Iberis.


: Species Of Arundinaria (Treated Under Bamboo).


: Muskmelon.

Canterbury Bell

: Campanula Medium.

Caoutchouc Tree

Hura, Manihot, Ficus elastica, Castilloa, Hevea, Landolphia, and others, not treated here.

Cape Bulbs

A name applied to bulbous and bulblike plants native to South Africa. They are dry-region plants, and often bloom with us in summer and autumn. Some of the leading genera are Amaryllis, Brunsvigia, Nerine, Ixia, Tritonia, Watsonia. See Bulbs.


: Calodendrum Capensis.

Cape Gooseberry

: Physalis

Cape Jessamine

: Gardenia


: Capparis


: Euphorbia Lathyrus.


: Lonicera.


: Cynodon.


By the latest monographer referred to Guz-mania, which see.


(aboriginal name). Asclepiadaceae. Low succulents, sometimes seen in collections; about 40 species, from S. Spain and Africa to Arabia and India. They resemble stapelias, and require similar treatment. The stems are leafless, somewhat branched, erect, 4-sided and the angles toothed: flowers near the summit of the stems, more or less clustered, purple, brown and yellow, and other colors; corolla rotate and 5-parted: fruit long and slender follicles. The carallumas are probably not in the American trade. Some of the names that may be expected in collections are C. adscendens, R. Br.; C. affinis, Wildem.; C. campanulata, N. E. Br. (Boucerosia campanulata, Wight); C. commutata, Berger (sometimes grown as C. Sprengeri); C. fimbri-ata, Wall.; C. inversa, N. E. Br.; C. Luntii, N. E. Br.;

C. Sprengeri, N. E. Br.; C. Simonis, Berger (Boucerosia Simonis, Hort.); C. torta, N. E. Br.