The dried leaves of Salvia Sclarea, which are used for seasoning. Other species of Salvia have been used for the same purpose. See Salvia.

Cleistanthus Collinus

: Lebidieropsis.


(old Greek name). Melastomaceae. About 100 tropical American species of horticulturally rather unimportant plants in a family famous for its foliage plants. Leaves broad, entire, 5-7-nerved, opposite, petioled: flowers in panicles or axillary clusters, white, pink, or purple; petals 5 or 6; stamens 10 or 12: branching shrubs, mostly hairy. C. vittata, Lind. & Andre, has large, oval, pointed leaves with 5 strong nerves, and a narrow band of white down each side of the midrib. I.H. 22:219. R.H. 1876, p. 233.

Cliff Brake

: Pellaea.

Climbing Fern

: Lygodium

Climbing Fumitory

: Adlumia fungosa

Climbing Hempweed

: Mikania scandens

Climbing Lily

: Gloriosa superba.


(derivation recondite). Leguminosae. Butterfly-Pea. Glasshouse vines with pea-like flowers; and also hardy perennials.

A widespread and variable genus of 30 species allied to Centrosema, and characterized by the calyx-tube being cylindrical and longer than the lobes: standard narrowed at the base, not appendaged on the back; stamens in one group, the anthers all alike; style often bearded. The most important garden plant is C. Ternatea, a warmhouse annual twiner, reaching 15 ft., and requiring no special cultivation It has very showy blue flowers

Clove Pink

: The carnation, Dianthus Caryophyllus.


: Lycopodium.


(after Cluyt, Dutch botanist of 16th century). Euphorbiaceae. Evergreen greenhouse shrubs from S. Africa, rarely cultivated, chiefly in botanical gardens. Habit often ericoid: leaves alternate, small, entire: flowers clustered in the axils, staminate with petals; calyx imbricate; stamens about 5; ovules 3. Prop, by cuttings. C. pulchella, Linn., is a small shrub: leaves ovate and somewhat acute, petioled, glabrous, entire: flowers axillary, small, white. B.M. 1945.

J. B. S. Norton.


: Corylus. " N. Taylor.†


: Stenomesson.


The leaves of Erythroxylon Coca, used in medicine. Sold chiefly as a fluid extract. Cocaine is the famous local anesthetic. See Erythroxylon.


Orchidacex. A garden hybrid between Cochlioda Noetzliana and Odontoglossum seep-trum or O. praenitens, known as Cochlioglossa moorte-beekiensis. Flowers star-shaped, the petals and sepals yellow with pale brown spots; lip has the characters of that of Odontoglossum sceptrum, but a little longer and less attractive. Shows no marks of Cochlioda Noetzliana.


: Maximilianea.


In North America, a name for Lychnis Githago, or corn-cockle, a familiar handsome-flowered weed of wheat-fields. The name is also applied to the darnel, Lolium temulentum.


: Xanthium, a weed.


: Celdsia.

Cocksfoot Grass

: Barnyard Grass, Panicum Crus-GaUi..


: Products of Theobroma Cacao.

Cocoa Plum

: Chrysobalanus Icaco.


: Cyperus rotundus.