This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
The dried leaves of Salvia Sclarea, which are used for seasoning. Other species of Salvia have been used for the same purpose. See Salvia.
(old Greek name). Melastomaceae. About 100 tropical American species of horticulturally rather unimportant plants in a family famous for its foliage plants. Leaves broad, entire, 5-7-nerved, opposite, petioled: flowers in panicles or axillary clusters, white, pink, or purple; petals 5 or 6; stamens 10 or 12: branching shrubs, mostly hairy. C. vittata, Lind. & Andre, has large, oval, pointed leaves with 5 strong nerves, and a narrow band of white down each side of the midrib. I.H. 22:219. R.H. 1876, p. 233.
: Adlumia fungosa
: Mikania scandens
: Gloriosa superba.
(derivation recondite). Leguminosae. Butterfly-Pea. Glasshouse vines with pea-like flowers; and also hardy perennials.
A widespread and variable genus of 30 species allied to Centrosema, and characterized by the calyx-tube being cylindrical and longer than the lobes: standard narrowed at the base, not appendaged on the back; stamens in one group, the anthers all alike; style often bearded. The most important garden plant is C. Ternatea, a warmhouse annual twiner, reaching 15 ft., and requiring no special cultivation It has very showy blue flowers
(after Cluyt, Dutch botanist of 16th century). Euphorbiaceae. Evergreen greenhouse shrubs from S. Africa, rarely cultivated, chiefly in botanical gardens. Habit often ericoid: leaves alternate, small, entire: flowers clustered in the axils, staminate with petals; calyx imbricate; stamens about 5; ovules 3. Prop, by cuttings. C. pulchella, Linn., is a small shrub: leaves ovate and somewhat acute, petioled, glabrous, entire: flowers axillary, small, white. B.M. 1945.
J. B. S. Norton.
: Corylus. " N. Taylor.†
The leaves of Erythroxylon Coca, used in medicine. Sold chiefly as a fluid extract. Cocaine is the famous local anesthetic. See Erythroxylon.
Orchidacex. A garden hybrid between Cochlioda Noetzliana and Odontoglossum seep-trum or O. praenitens, known as Cochlioglossa moorte-beekiensis. Flowers star-shaped, the petals and sepals yellow with pale brown spots; lip has the characters of that of Odontoglossum sceptrum, but a little longer and less attractive. Shows no marks of Cochlioda Noetzliana.
In North America, a name for Lychnis Githago, or corn-cockle, a familiar handsome-flowered weed of wheat-fields. The name is also applied to the darnel, Lolium temulentum.
: Xanthium, a weed.
: Barnyard Grass, Panicum Crus-GaUi..
: Products of Theobroma Cacao.
: Chrysobalanus Icaco.
: Cyperus rotundus.