This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
: Diseases and Insects, p. 1044, discussion of fumigating by hydrocyanic acid gas.
(Greek for circle and border, from the encircling wing of the calyx). Chenopodidceae. One weedy herb, C. atriplicifolium, Coulter (C. platyphyl-lum, Moq.), of sandy soils from Minn., west and south, which was once introduced as the "cyclone plant," since the plant is a tumble-weed or rolls before the wind when it is matured and becomes detached from the soil. The plant is a much-branched rank-growing annual, 1-2 ft. high, pubescent or nearly glabrous, with narrow but flat and sinuate leaves, and bractless flowers in an open panicle. The flowers are very small, perfect or sometimes lacking the stamens; calyx 5-cleft, the lobes strongly keeled and becoming winged and inclosing the seed. Plant not fleshy or jointed.
: Chamaecyparis, Cupressus and Taxodium
(name refers to the curved stamens). Gesneriaceae. A large group of tropical shrubs and trees, two or three of which are more or less known in cult, for their flowers; akin to Trichosporum (AEschynan-thus); warmhouse subjects. Leaves opposite, or alternate by failure of one of the pair, membranaceous, or fleshy or leathery: flowers usually white or yellowish, in fascicles, heads or cymes; corolla-tube cylindrical, the limb more or less 2-lipped; perfect stamens 2, and 2 or 3 small staminodia. Nearly 200 species in the islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans and in China. C. pendula, Blume. Short and stout: leaves long-petioled, elliptic or lance-elliptic, acute, gray-blotched above: flowers white with brown calyx, 1 1/2 in. long, the corolla inflated, and purple-dotted on lower side. Java. C. Pritchardii, Seem. Leaves petioled, elliptic, obtusely toothed, acute: flowers small, white, in 3-flowered cymes. Fiji Isls.
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(Greek, curved fruit). Tapira. Anacardidceae. One or two Mexican trees, one of which bears a small fruit, likened to a cherry by the natives of Lower Calif.
Leaves alternate, compound: flowers axillary or terminal, paniculate, polygamous: fruit an oblique drupe, 1-seeded. Intro, into S. Calif, by Franceschi. Sometimes united with Tapiria (or Tapirira), from which it differs in its straight embryo and other characters.
HBK. Very tall tree, with slender, terete, dark purplish, resinous branches: leaves alternate, odd-pinnate; leaflets 5-7 or 9, oblong, entire, with a very slight silkiness, especially below, very shortly stalked, 1 in. or more long, half as wide: flowers white, inconspicuous, in panicles 1-2 in. long; calyx 5-parted, villous, persistent; segments roundish; petals 5, elliptic; stamens 10; style 1: fruit the size of an olive, edible. Mex. HBK. 6, t. 609.