(Greek for bladder Acanthus, because the flowers are inflated). Acanthaceae. Evergreen herbs of Burma and Cochin China, with showy, sessile flowers in the axils of bracts, the entire infloresence more or less crowded into a terminal panicle or thyrse. Corolla-limb spreading, unequally 5-lobed, the lobes short-rotund; stamens 2; style filiform, the stigma 2-toothed: leaves entire: caps, long and narrow, almost 4-sided, many-seeded. Doubtfully distinct from Phlogacanthus. - One species is cultivated This is C. turgida, Nichols. B.M. 6043 (as Meninia turgida). It comes from Cochin China: 2 ft. or less high, with prominently jointed stems and opposite, elliptic-lanceolate leaves: flowers white, yellow in the throat and pink-reticulated on the lobes. April. Cult, as other warmhouse acanthads. (See Aphelandra for example.) Prop, by cuttings of young wood. There are 4 or 5 species of Cystacanthus in farther India.


(Greek, daktulos, finger, and ktenion, a little comb). Gramineae. Finger-Comb Grass. Annual grasses with spreading or creeping stems, one of which has been offered as an ornamental subject.

Spikelets several-fid., sessile, crowded in 2-6 digitate 1-sided, rather broad, flattened spikes; axis of spike extending beyond the spikelets as a naked point. Species 2, warm regions of the Old World. One species, D. aegyptium, Richt. (D. aegyptiacum, Willd. Eleusine aegyptica, Desf. Cynosurus aegyptius, Linn.), Crow-Foot, is a common weed in tropical Amer. The 3-5 short spikes are divaricate at the summit of the culms, about 2 in. long. - It has been offered as an ornamental grass for garden cultivation, but has little value. Mojave Indians of S. Calif, use the grain for food. In Africa a decoction is prepared from the seeds for inflammation of the kidneys. a. S. Hitchcock.


Narcissus. Daffodil, Sea: Pancratium.

Dahoon Holly

: Ilex Dahoon.

Damask Rose

: Rosa Damascena

Damask Violet

: Hesperis matronalis.

Dame's Rocket And Dame's Violet

: Hesperis matronalis.


: Agathis.


: Plum.


(name of a daughter of King Acrisius of Argos). Liliaceae. Alexandrian Laurel. An evergreen erect much-branched shrub with thick unarmed alternate cladophylla and terminal racemes of small whitish flowers, often referred to Ruscus. It is one of the Asparagus tribe of the lily family: flowers nearly globular, the lobes short and erect, with a crown at the throat; stamens affixed in the tube beneath the crown, the filaments united, the anthers 6: fruit a pulpy indehiscent red berry. D. racemosa, Moench (Ruscus racemdsus, Linn. D. Laurus, Medikus), occurs from Greece to Persia, making a bush 4 ft. high, with ovate-lanceolate, nearly sessile, about 5-7-nerved leaf-like cladodes. Recently introduced in S. Calif., but is little known in this country. Ornamental for porches, vases, and similar uses. • l. H. B.


(a personal name). Marattiaceae. A small genus of tropical American fern-like plants, with syn-angia sessile, arranged in rows, and covering the entire under surface of the leaf. They are apparently not in cultivation in America.