This section is from the book "The Florist And Garden Miscellany". Also see: All New Square Foot Gardening: Grow More in Less Space!.
Look over specimens, and where there are any young shoots that can be spared, they can be taken off, and two or three put into a 3-inch pot, placing them round the edge. If plunged into a gentle bottom heat, they will be ready to pot off in three weeks, and by shifting them on as they fill their pots, they will make good specimens for the next season. After the plant is potted off out of the cutting pot, and you can ensure three or four eyes, pinch the top out, and train the shoots out as they grow. Seedlings of promise should have notes taken of them, and cut down if not wanted for exhibition: let the plant be dry before cutting down. J. Dobson.
Those who are desirous of having stocking plants must cut their specimens down boldly. A good example will be found in our woodcut, see No. 14, page 37; indeed there cannot be a better, - it was drawn from a two-year-old specimen which had appeared in our winning collections. Let the plants become dry before using the knife, the wounds will heal the sooner; and when they are so healed, moisten, and keep them close, to induce the eyes to break vigorously. When the shoots are about an inch long, withhold water till dry, and then clear away every portion of the soil about the roots, which should be cut off with a sharp knife to within two or three inches, leaving the fibrous parts. Repot them into some open soil with plenty of drainage, and replace them in a close situation, or plunge them in gentle bottom heat until they have thrown out their fresh roots, when air may be freely given them. When cutting down, select cuttings from those parts which have bloomed to your satisfaction. We find it well to cut away any portion of a plant that brings sportive or deformed flowers.
Worton Cottage. J. Dobson.
The plants which were cut down last month will have broken sufficiently at the eyes to be shaken out and disrooted, as directed in last Number. Do not forget to place them in gentle bottom heat, or in a close frame, till they have again rooted out to the sides of the pots, when they may have abundance of air night and day, sheltering them from heavy rains, and keeping them clear of green-fly. Cuttings that were taken early and struck should be shifted on, and stopped when you can ensure three or four breaking eyes, as this is the time to lay the foundation for stocky handsome plants for next season. Seed as it ripens should now be sown in pans or pots, in open soil, and just covered. Water, when required, should be given through a fine rose; cover with a sheet of writing-paper in very bright sunny weather. J. Dobson.
General attention is required now to keep the plants clean from green-fly, and it must be done by fumigation. If any plants are standing about out of doors, they should be either put into the greenhouse or frame, but I prefer the house; if the plants are left out of doors they become sodden with wet, which will most likely bring on the spot, and cause the plants to look unhealthy through the winter. The plants having but little young wood to support, they require little water to keep them in good health. It will be well this month to get the different soils into an open shed, ready for repotting at the final shift for the year. This soil should not be wet when used - only moist, not dry. Stop back young plants that have been struck this season, so as to leave about three or four eyes to break from; this will cause them to make bushy plants. Seedlings should be shifted from the seed-pans into small pots as soon as they get four leaves; water with a fine rose, and shade for a few days.