This section is from the book "The Gardener V1", by William Thomson. Also available from Amazon: The New Organic Grower: A Master's Manual of Tools and Techniques for the Home and Market Gardener.
Valuable kinds of plants in open ground are not safe from frost at this season, and should be lifted and potted, or protected at night. Propagating should be brought to a close as early as circumstances will allow, except in the case of Calceolarias and Pansies, which may be left till next month. Pits on which glass-lights can be placed suit well for Calceolarias. Pansies, after they are rooted, will stand almost any weather; but to have nice fresh plants to turn out in spring, a few glass-lights will do much towards that end. Take note of the rooted stock of cuttings and others on the way, and see that they are sufficient for the demand. Look well to the staking of Dahlias, Hollyhocks, and other tall-growing plants; as, if frost keeps off, they may be found useful for months to come. Many herbaceous plants can now be replanted with good soil with best results; but when such work is done, it is better to regulate and renew the whole border - fresh soil and manure may be wanted. They should be kept thin, and regulated according to height. There is plenty of time to think of this when flowering is quite over for the season; but now is the time to note heights, etc, before the tops die down.
Hedge-clipping and box-trimming may have attention now : repairing lawns by turf, and sowing of grass, may be done when weather is moist. Walk-turning, to destroy moss, and gravelling, may be done now, but better later. Every portion of the ground should show taste and high keeping. As leaves will now begin to drop, especially Limes, much labour must be expended to keep all parts in good order. Pinks and Carnations rooted may now be planted. We often have found these do best of all by allowing them to remain to the old plants all the winter, and during April lift them and plant carefully, with all roots entire. Sow annuals now of choice kinds, to stand the winter and flower in spring. They may be sown in boxes or on a border, to be transplanted when the other bedders are done with. Roses should have all dead bloom cut off as they appear. To keep mildew in check, a syringing of soapy water, in which a quantity of sulphur is mixed, will be of much service : so will Gishurst's Compound. Strong rambling shoots cut back will throw out later a number of useful blooms.
Climbers should be regulated by thinning their growths.