It is not enough for the inexperienced to know the proper quantity of seed required to sow a given space, it is of greater importance to know what kinds to sow. The kinds named below have been fully proved by the writer of this, and he can therefore recommend them. Almost every variety recommended has been well proved, and I have carefully avoided anything savouring of novelty which has not been found equal or superior to older varieties. The inexperienced should not be led astray by the glowing accounts of new introductions, as a great percentage of really new vegetables are inferior to well-known kinds, and the really good are sometimes nothing more than old kinds re-named. At the same time, really meritorious novelties are occasionally introduced. In this selection, I range the names according to their earliness.


Dell's Dark Red, Nutting's Selected; and for extremely thin poor soils, Egyptian Turnip, rooted.

Broad Beans

Early Mazagan, Seville Longpod, Broad Windsor. French Beans - Negro Longpod, Canadian Wonder.

Brussels Sprouts

All depends on the strain; Greens or Borecole, ditto. Brocoli - Veitch's Autumn, Snow's Winter White, Purple Sprouting, White Sprouting, Leamington, Elletson's Mammoth, Dilcock's Bride.


Early London, Dwarf Mammoth, Walcheren, Veitch's Autumn. Carrots - Sutton's Champion Short Horn, James's Intermediate, Altringham - the Short Horn for earliest, and the Intermediate for shallow, soils.


Little Pixie, small, but of the finest quality; and if planted close, will yield more for the table than the large-growing kinds, many of which I consider unfit for the table at all. Dwarf York, fine for sowing in April to keep up an autumn supply: sown at the end of July, and planted out in September, it is fit for use in April and May. The same may be said of Little Pixie. Enfield Market and Sugar-Loaf are good larger sorts. The Drumhead kinds are unfit for a small garden - the "dwarf" being of better quality than the "giant".


Sutton's Tom Thumb, very small, but of superexcellent quality; and if planted a foot apart each way, will yield almost as much as the larger kinds. Early Dwarf Ulm is a good early sort; and Drumhead a larger and later one.


Sandringham and Cole's Crystal among whites; Sutton's Sulham prize of pink varieties; and William's Matchless among reds. Vegetable Marrow - Moore's Cream, and Hibberd's Prolific. Leeks - Ayton Castle Giant for quality and size, and Musselburgh for hardiness.

Lettuce - Cos Varieties

London White and Paris White, Champion Brown. Cabbage - Varieties - All-the-year-round and Neapolitan. Onion - The Queen, very early, Danver's Yellow, Blood Red, James's Keeping, for spring sowing; and Globe, Flat Tripoli, and Giant Rocca for sowing early in August.


Ringleader, Kentish Invicta, William the First, and Sutton's Emerald Gem for first sowings; Dickson's Favourite, Daniel O'Rourke, and Fabus Market Favourite for second; best of all, M'Lean's Wonderful; Champion of England (very tall) for third sowing; Veitch's Perfection, Ne Plus Ultra, Lynn's Marrow, William's Emperor of the Marrows, Hair's Dwarf Mammoth, and M'Lean's Premier for last sowings.


Veitch's Early Ashleaf, Wonderful Red, Alpha, Early Pose, Snow-flake, Dalmahoy, Walker's Early Regent, Paterson's Victoria, Sutton's Magnum Bonum. I strongly recommend beginners to fight shy of the more famous show kinds, as not a few are of very inferior quality, such, for instance, as the old Handsworth's Early, very wrongly re-christened Porter's Excelsior. This is an inferior Potato to eat, although of fine shape.


We advise amateurs to get their seed in mixed packets. Parsnip - Student, Hollow Crowned.


Round, for sowing in spring and summer; Prickly, for sowing about the middle of August. New Zealand requires to be raised under glass, and transplanted early in June.


The Conqueror, and Hathaway's Excelsior. They require rearing under glass, and after danger from frost is past, to be put in any vacant space of a warm wall. In cold districts they require to be under glass.


Early Dutch White, Early White Strap Leaf, Robertson's Golden Ball, Chirk Castle, Black Stone, and Laing's Swedish, for keeping over winter. These varieties have always given satisfaction. It would have been very easy to have doubled or even trebled the list. Few amateurs require a long list, and more experienced growers will be able to add to this list for themselves. Sometimes a given variety of a vegetable will do well in one district and not in another, such as Peas and Potatoes. I would warn amateurs against being led astray by large vegetables - that is, kinds which grow large naturally, as the more rapidly the majority of vegetables are grown the tenderer they are. Half-starved garden produce is neither palatable nor wholesome; nor, as a rule, are giant varieties. Size and coarseness almost invariably go hand in hand; and as a matter of fact, it is not often that great, coarse-growing vegetables yield the greatest amount of real useful produce. For instance, the ground occupied with a coarse Drumhead Cabbage would produce three or four Little Pixies, the united weight of which would equal the coarse one, and which would give the greatest satisfaction on account of their quality.

It is the same with Potatoes, although there are more exceptions among them than among any other vegetables. Among Carrots, good strains of Early Horn are finer than any other kind, and the yield is not very much less than the coarsest kinds; indeed, is sometimes greater. It would be well if your readers who are acquainted with specially meritorious varieties were to add them to the above. The kinds named I can confidently rely on myself, but it is possible that some of them do not succeed as well under other circumstances; and any information will prove of the greatest value, not to amateurs only, but to many others.