I know, in fine, that the importation of this stock has been a very gracious boon to those who love the Rose; but I am equally sure that nine-tenths of the most perfect Roses which have been grown and shown have been cut from the British Brier. I have proved this not only from my own experience, having grown the two stocks side by side, in a variety of seasons and soils, but also from inspection and inquiry. Latterly I have made a point of asking at our exhibitions the parentage of Roses which have been admired the most, and the answers have been, ninety per cent of them, as I foreknew they would be, "The Brier."' In Dorsetshire, last summer, two of our best Rosarians (if they read these lines, a brother's love to them) "discoursed as they sat on the green," and when they had discoursed, it was written by one of them (see the 'Journal of Horticulture' for August 13, 1868), "For general use the Brier is doomed; ... it is time to think seriously of discarding it." But then he adds, and I pray you to mark the reservation, "Exhibitors will not do so, I believe, for the maiden blooms from a Brier are superior to those from the Manetti" But no earnest lover of the Rose will be satisfied with inferior blooms, having the hope of better; and it should have been stated, accordingly, not that the Brier is doomed for general use, but only with regard to those unhappy localities where it cannot be grown.

* I allow 5 for 100 older varieties; the price usually charged by nurserymen being, for dwarf Standards, Is. each, and 2, 10s. for 25 newer varieties, at 2s. each.

If your lot is cast therein, my amateur (but do not think so without a trial), you may grow Roses for your own delectation in pots on their own roots, and on the Manetti, but I do not urge you to compete. If the Brier flourishes in your district, order 500.

Here, I know, the young aspirant will protest, because I have often heard him, "Does this fellow desire to ruin me, or has he got an idea that I am Lord Overstone?" And I reply with dignity, "No, my friend; I invite you, on the contrary, to buy a glorious garden of Roses for the sum which you would pay for five new Tricolor Pelargoniums nearly as good as Mrs Pollock, for one specimen stove-plant, and for half a specimen Orchid. Allow 7, 10s. for your Roses, and 2 for your Briers, and ye shall 'siller ha'e to spare' from your 10 note." When Briers are abundant, 6s. per 100 for dwarfs and 7s. 6d. for tall standards is a usual tariff; but you should remember that it is rough work, and that if you cull the best you should be liberal.

Give your order - and any labourer will soon learn to bring you what you want - towards the end of October. I have myself a peculiar but unfailing intimation when it is time to get in my Briers - my Brier-man comes to church. He comes to morning service on the Sunday. If I make no sign during the week, he appears next Sunday at the evening also. If I remain mute, he comes on week-days. I know then that the case is urgent, and that we must come to terms. Were I to fancy the Manetti instead of the Brier, my impression is that he would go over to Rome.

Having made timely arrangements to secure your supply of stocks before the severities of winter are likely to prevent you from planting (should sharp frost surprise you during the process of removal, you must "lay in" your Briers securely, digging a hole for them, placing them in a bundle therein, covering the roots well with earth, and throwing an old mat over all), you must be most vigilant in your selection of the stocks themselves. Some gardeners display in this matter a lamentable indifference. Their motto seems to be Stemmata quid faciunt? - why should not one Brier be as good as another? Their budding-ground might be an asylum for the deformed, the weak, the aged, instead of the school for healthful youth and the training-ground for heroes. Let the amateur, avoiding this fatal error, and remembering as his rule, Ex quovis ligno non fit Mercurius, select young, straight, sapfnl, well-rooted stocks, that the scion may be vigorous as the sire. Let these be planted as soon as he receives them - his collector bringing them in daily, and not keeping them at home, as the manner of some is, until he gets a quantity - in rows, the Briers 1 foot, the rows 3 feet apart.

The situation and the soil for your Briers must be just as carefully studied as though the Roses were already upon them. These stocks are not to be set in bare and barren places, exposed to ridicule and to contempt, as though they were the stocks of the parish; nor are they to be thrust into corners, as I have seen them many a time. They should occupy such a position as one sees in the snug "quarters" of a nursery - spaces enclosed by evergreen fences, which, somewhat higher than the trees within, protect them from stormy winds.

Watching their growth in spring, the amateur should remove the more feeble lateral shoots, leaving two or three of the upper and stronger. Suckers from below must also be removed. The latter operation is most easily and effectually performed when rain has just softened the soil around; and weeds, which evince in times of drought such a rooted antipathy to eviction, may then be readily extracted without leaving fibre or fang.

The stocks may be budded in July, and I advise the amateur who wishes to bud them, to learn the art, by no means difficult, not from books, but from some neighbour Budhist, who will quickly teach him as much of transmigration as he desires to know. If he learns to make one slit only, so much the better, the transverse cut being quite unnecessary, and liable to cause breakage if too deeply made.

Select strong buds from your Rose-trees. It requires some little resolution to cut away the cleanest, most healthful wood, but the recompense is sure and ample. Do not expose your cuttings to the sun - a watering-can, with a little damp moss in it, is a good conveyance - and get them comfortably settled in their new homes as soon as it can be done. In three weeks or a month you may remove the cotton; in November you may shorten the budded shoot to 5 or 6 inches from the bud; and in May you may cut it close to the bud itself. You must now keep a constant supervision over your budded stock, removing all superfluous growth, and having your stakes in position, so that you may secure the growing bud against those sudden gusts which will force it, if not safely fastened, "clean out" of the stock. These stakes must be firmly fixed close by the Briers, and should rise some 2 feet above them. To this upper portion the young shoot of the Rose, which grows in genial seasons with marvellous rapidity, must be secured with bast.

Look out now for the Rose-caterpillar, that murderous "worm i' the bud." I generally employ a little maid from my village school, whose fingers are more nimble and whose eyes are nearer to their work than mine, who prefers entomology in the fresh air to all other ologies in a hot school, and who takes home to mother her diurnal ninepence with a supreme and righteous pride.

Towards the end of May apply the surface-dressing which is recommended in Chapter VI. - I presuppose a liberal supply of farmyard manure in autumn, as advised in the same chapter - and at the same time take off freely the lesser and numerous Rosebuds which surround the central calyx. A painful process this slaughter of the innocents, this drowning of the puppies of the poor Dog-Rose, but justified in their eyes who desire to see the Rose in its brightest glory, and who prefer one magnificent Ribston Pippin to a waggon-load of Crabs.

We must revert here briefly to the parental trees, from which the buds were taken in July. Although they cannot, speaking generally, reproduce the beauty of their first-born, they will give you, in return for attentive culture, very valuable help. They will be in bloom at the time of the earlier shows, when the Roses in your budding-ground may not be fully out; and in some cases they will supply you with better flowers then can be gathered from a "maiden plant." It is so with regard to Teas and Noisettes, and with several other Roses - such as Francois Lacharme, Gloire de Santenay, Louise Magnan, Madame Boutin, Madame C. Joigneaux, Marechal Vaillant, Miss Ingram, Monsieur Noman, Olivier Delhomme, etc. Moreover, you should have in your Rose-garden the advantage of a wall on which to grow the more tender Roses, those grand Marechal Niels, Devonienses, and Souvenirs d'un Ami, so distinct from the Hybrid Perpetual varieties, and such exquisite contrasts among them.

Let us now suppose that in both these departments your loving and patient care has brought you the prospect and proximity of such a splendid harvest that you have entered your name as an exhibitor at one of our great Rose-shows. Ah, what a crisis of excitement, to be remembered always, in the glad Rosarian's life! It is as when the boy, who has distinguished himself in the playing-fields, goes forth from the pavilion at Lord's in the Eton and Harrow match. It is as when the undergraduate, who has been working manfully, enters his name on the list of candidates for honours. What sweet solicitudes! What hopeful fears! Look - Mr Grimston is whispering to that Harrow boy, just going to the wicket with his bat, wise words anent the Eton bowling. Listen; that tutor, with the clever kindly countenance, is speaking cheerfully to his pupil, white as the kerchief round his throat, as he enters those ancient awful schools. So would I aid and abet my amateur - so would I bring a stirrup-cup to my young brave Dunois. Partant pour la Syrie - that is, for the National Rose-show - he wants information as to boxes and tubes and moss, as to the time of cutting, the method of arrangement; and he shall receive, in the succeeding chapter, the best which I have to give.

S. Reynolds Hole.