This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
The English Furniture Dealer has this to say of Cherry timber:"The bark of the Cherry tree is so peculiar, as to render it distinguishable at first sight. The trunk is regularly shaped, but the bark is blackish and rough, and detaches itself semi-circular ly, in thick narrow plates, which are renewed after a considerable lapse of time. The perfect wood of the American wild Cherry tree, is of a dull, light-red tint, which deepens with age. It is compact, fine-grained, and brilliant, and not liable to warp when perfectly seasoned. It is extensively employed for every species of furniture, and when chosen near the ramification of the trunk, it rivals Mahogany in beauty. Its wood is generally preferred to the Black Walnut, whose dun complexion with time becomes nearly black. Among trees that grow east of the Mississippi, it is the best substitute for Mahogany, audit is also useful for ship-building, and for the felloes of wheels.
"The Wild Orange tree, which is a species of Cherry tree, appears in North America to be nearly confined to the islands on the coast of the Carolinas, of Georgia, and of the Floridas. Except the margin of the sea, it is rarely found on the main land, even at the distance of eight or ten miles from the shore where the temperature is five or six degrees colder in Winter, and proportionately milder in the Summer. The wood is rose-colored, and very fine grained, but, as this species is not extensively multiplied, it does not appear to be appropriated to any use, as other wood, in no respect inferior, can readily be"obtained. The Red Cherry tree is common only in the Northern States, and in Canada. Its size places it among trees of the third order. It rarely exceeds, and often does not equal 25 or 30 feet in height, and 6 or 8 inches in diameter. The trunk is covered with a smooth brown bark, which detaches itself laterally; the wood is finegrained, and of a reddish hue; but the inferior size of the tree forbids its use in the mechanical arts.
This species of Cherry tree offers the same remarkable peculiarity as the Canoe Birch, of producing itself spontaneously in cleared grounds, and in such parts of the forest as have been burnt".