This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V20", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Guatemala, South Mexico; bright thick leaves; blooms in Winter; flower stems from 2 to 4 feet long; flower about 1½ inch diameter; sepals and petals yellow, barred brown lip, bright yellow.
Growth like 0. Cavendishii; flower stem about 15 inches, stiff and upright; sepals and petals brown, lip yellow; blooms in Winter; Guatemala.
Like 0. bicallosum in every way except the blooms are nearly all yellow; Mexico.
Cuba; blooms in Winter; leaves longer and darker than O. Cavendishii; very beautiful and graceful; flower stems from 2 to 5 feet long, blooming on short lateral branches the whole length; color rich chocolate and yellow, spotted on lip and sepals. In some the yellow predominates, in others the chocolate. Flowers 11/4 inches in diameter. I had over 400 blooms open at one time on one plant, and think I will have full as many this winter. This plant is scarce in collections, but it should not be, as it is very easily procured near Havana.
O. Luridum And 0. Luridum Guttatum abounds in all the Caribbean islands, and varies considerably in the marking of the flowers. Blooms in Summer, and requires more heat than the above mentioned varieties. Flowers brown, orange and yellow, with a pink callosity at the base of the column; flower stems often 10 feet long.
Appears to be merely a variety of the O. luridum, with olive colored flowers spotted with brown and orange.
When well grown probably the handsomest of the Oncids. From Guiana, and requires a temperature of not less than 70° at any time to grow it finely. Blooms nearly 2 inches in diameter, and closely set on an upright stem from 1 to 2 feet high. Sepals and petals yellow spotted crimson; lip violet; has a fine odor. I bloomed a variety with a nearly white lip. There is no Orchid that has given me more trouble than this. I have bloomed several newly imported plants, but after a year or so they dwindle away. Probably they do not get heat enough in the Winter, which is the hot time at Guiana, where they make two growths in a year, and, I believe, bloom twice. There are several other Oncids with thick leaves and no bulbs, but I believe they are only varieties of the above.
Under both these names I have received from Europe and Trinidad the same plant, differing only slightly in the marking of the flowers. They have no bulbs, but round, rush-shaped leaves, about 1 foot or 15 inches long, on upright flower stem, about 1½ feet long; small yellow flowers, spotted brown and black. Requires good heat, and grows well on a cocoanut husk with moss.
A native of Panama, and all the sea coast of the Spanish main, and the island of Trinidad. This has a small dark green bulb, surmounted by a single leaf, beautifully variegated and spotted with reddish brown on a dark green base. Flower stems long and slender. The blooms come out singly, and last about ten days, when another makes its appearance in a week or so, until four or five have bloomed. The same stem will bloom for three or four years, each year from a lower point. Blooms in early Summer, and requires considerable heat. Blooms rich brown, barred and spotted with bright yellow, and are nearly 4 inches in diameter. At a distance would easily be taken for a butterfly. Does well on a piece of cork or cocoanut husk. There are several varieties of this.
O. Sphacelatum, O. Baueri, O. Altissimum, and several others from Central America, have light green ribbed bulbs, with long pendant flower stems; flowers profusely. Flowers bright yellow, barred brown in sepals and petals, lip pure yellow, and bloom mostly in early Summer.
Mexico and Guatemala. A beautiful Winter bloomer. In growth like O. sphacelatum, etc. Flower stem often 6 feet long, blooming the whole length on short laterals. Flowers about 1 inch in diameter, sepals and petals greenish white, with small red dots; lip pure white; slightly scented. Keeps in bloom five or six weeks, and resembles Odonto-glossum laeve.
Panama and Costa Rica, has large yellow flowers on a branching stem about 2½ feet long. The back of the flowers has a whitish hue.
A dainty little variety from Mexico. Small bulbs and leaves, and blooms in the Winter. The flowers are small, rosy lilac. with a yellow spot in the center. They are delightfully fragrant. Does best in a cool house.
Mexico. This often is sold as O. tigrinum, but I think erroneously. I see in the Messrs. Veitch's catalogues that they claim them to be different, though coming from the same locality. O. Barkeri, true, has a ribbed bulb, and is somewhat stronger in growth than the O. tigrinum. It blooms in the Winter. Mine will be in bloom in February or March. It is a remarkably handsome Orchid. The petals and sepals are rather small, yellow barred brown, lip 1½ inches in diameter, bright yellow. This also does in a cool house.
I received this from Mexico. It has smooth bulbs, but looks much like Barkeri. Mine bloomed in the Fall. Sepals and petals light orange yellow, lip quite light yellow.
From Rio de Janeiro. Has short dark bulbs, and dark green foliage. Flower stems two to three feet long. The flowers are from 2 to 2½ inches diameter; coppery red color, with bright yellow markings on the center of the lip. There are several varieties of this beautiful Oncid. Blooms with me in the fall.
I have received from Rio de Janeiro several very different plants under this name. I have one in bloom now, with long flexible flower stems about two feet long. Flowers over an inch long; yellow and brown. I have several other plants identical nearly in growth and flowers, but they always bloom in the Summer.
A very common Orchid from Brazil. Bulbs smooth and green, about 2½ inches long. It is a very free bloomer, covering itself with sprays of small delicate yellow flowers in the Spring.
Brazil. A rare Orchid, with round dark bulbs, and one stiff reddish green leaf. Blooms in the Spring, and has flowers on a long slender stem. Yellow and reddish brown in the sepals and petals; lip white. If kept in a dry place, will remain in bloom six weeks.
A remarkably beautiful and distinct variety from Honduras and the warm parts of Central American coast. It is in growth like a small O. luridum. The flowers are rosy white, spotted dark rose and crimson, and are borne on long flexuose steins. Blooms in Summer. There are several varieties.
Peru. Blooms in the Spring. Has a growth like O. sphacelatum. The flower spike is long and branching; flowers very profusely; rich yellow, blotched with cinnamon brown on the sepals and petals. Cool culture.
One of the handsomest Oncids grown, when true. I have sent to Belgium and Brazil for this, but have never been able to get it true. I have O. amictum, with dark green bulbs about 5 inches long, and beautiful large yellow and brown flowers. It is a near relation to O. sarcodes. There are several Oncids from Brazil, of inferior bloom, that resemble sarcodes in growth. Mr. Buchanan told me that he sometimes thought that O. sarcodes was either remarkably scarce, or there was no such plant. He had made importations very often from Brazil direct, but had never yet got the true plant.
These are only a few of the many varieties of Oncids. Lately some elegant additions have been made: O. macranthum, O. Rogersii, O. splen-didum, O. phalaenopsis, and O. seriatum. These are yet comparatively scarce and costly, and I have not seen them in bloom.