This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V26", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
At a recent meeting of the Montgomery county (Ohio) Horticultural Society, Mr. Robert W. Steele gave the following literal translation from Homer's Odyssey, to show that they had some good things and good ideas of gardening, even three thousand years ago: "Outside of the court-yard, hard by the door, is a great garden of four acres, and a hedge was round on either side. And there grow tall trees blossoming, pear trees and pomegranites, and apple trees, with bright fruit, and sweet figs and olives in their bloom. The fruit of these trees never perish-eth, neither faileth, winter or summer, enduring through all the year. Evermore the west wind blowing brings some fruit to birth and ripens others. Pear upon pear waxes old, and apple on apple, yea, and cluster ripens upon cluster of the grape, and fig upon fig. There too hath he a fruitful vineyard planted, whereof the one part is being dried by the heat, a sunny plot on level ground, while other grapes men are gathering, and yet others they are treading in the wine press. In the foremost row are unripe grapes that cast the blossoms, and others there be that are growing black to vintaging.
There, too, skirting the furthest line, are all manner of garden beds, planted trimly, that are perpetually fresh, and therein are two fountains of water, whereof one scatters his streams all about the garden, and the other runs over against it beneath the threshhold of the court yard and issues by the lofty house, and thence did the townsfolk draw water".
It is manifest that people three thousand years ago understood gardening to perfection, and we may add horticulture to Wendell Phillips' list of the "lost arts of the ancients".