The Journal of Horticulture gives the following hints to beginners:

" It may not be out of place for a moment to refer to the arrangement of a wreath, though, as I before remarked, much will depend on individual taste. Presuming, then, the flowers are cut, such as Bouvardias, Lily of the Valley, Roman Hyacinths, Gardenias, Tuberoses, Eucharis, Azaleas, and double Primulas will need wiring, and Camellias and Roses will need piercing, the former on account of the custom to twist off the flowers with no wood attached, hence stemless, and to prevent them from falling; and the latter to keep them from becoming too gaping. If at hand some small sprays of Cupressus Lawsoniana will be serviceable, and assist in the economizing of Maidenhair Fern, which is generally a scarce article at this time of year. Begin the arrangement, then, by laying a spray of Cypress, and upon which place a frond of Maidenhair, the latter somewhat protruding and not too flat; then comes a Camellia, Eucharis, or Gardenia - or, in fact, any of the larger and more prominent flowers to occupy the centre, filling in the sides with smaller flowers. Lily of the Valley, Deutzia gracilis, and Roman Hyacinths do well for fringing the sides.

Continue the use of the Cypress, and insert here and there a small spray of Fern, firmly binding them as you proceed, and using a small pinch of moss on the stems of the flowers. This will keep the wire from cutting the stems, and will also supply moisture to them. Always avoid a heavy arrangement and overcrowding, and allow as far as possible the flowers to assume their natural position. Use the flowers in as much variety as possible, and, if procurable, a few wall-colored sprays of Panicum variegatum will be found very pretty and effective jutting out here and there. It is productive, too, of lightness and elegance, which should characterize the arrangement throughout, and with it and Maidenhair Fern interspersed among the flowers a very pleasing and elegant wreath may be formed. In case of packing this is easily done by placing a stick across the skeleton, allowing it to rest on either side under the flowers, and attach a string to its centre; then make two holes in the bottom of the box, pass the string through and fasten securely underneath.

It will travel safely thus, and the person unpacking it will see at a glance how it is secured".