I propagate and cultivate this without heat. I take cuttings in March or April; good plants always push from the base or the roots in March; as these are useless for flowering, I cut them off, and select cuttings from them - strong short bits with three joints. I take the leaves from the bottom joint only, and insert the cuttings singly in the middle of thumb pots filled with loam, silver sand, and charcoal, sprinkling them with water, and covering with bell glasses. I then place them in the shade in the greenhouse, sprinkle the leaves and wipe the damp from the glasses once a day; and thus managed, they soon strike. I inure them to the air of the house, harden them gradually, then place them in a cold frame - when the pot is filled with roots, I shift into a pint pot; when that is filled, into a two-quart pot; and when that is full of fibres, give the final shift into eleven-inch pots. They must not be allowed to get pot-bound till they have had the last shift, or they will be stunted. Each plant requires one stick to keep it upright. I never stop the leader, nor any shoot, but let them take their own natural form, which is pyramidal.

The frame will preserve them from injury by wind, for I never put the lights on, except to preserve the inmates from frost and excessive wet, and I always tilt them during rain. I introduce the plants to the greenhouse in October, let them have plenty of room and light, and water when necessary. As the pots are very full of roots, I give water till it runs through the hole at the bottom. When the flower buds show color I give weak manure water every watering. If the house requires smoking while they are in bud or bloom, they should be removed to some other place for the night, or they will lose their flowers and forward buds. The soil I use is light loam, mixed with a little old cow-dung and silver sand, and a liberal quantity of broken charcoal. - T. O.