Nothing suits the Rhododendron so well as good fibrous peat from an old common. The best specimens are planted in nothing else. The peat, in order to suit the Rhododendron, should have plenty of fibre in it, so that it may be taken up in large turfs without falling to pieces; in this they will be found to flourish amazingly. The beds may be five feet wide, and should have the soil thrown out about eighteen inches in depth, and the space filled up, and a few inches more added at top, with such fibrous peat chopped up small. If the soil where the beds are formed be stiff or clayey, drainage had better be provided for, as stagnant water is the greatest injury to this shrub than can exist. That they grow sometimes in boggy places in their native climate I am aware, and that even the swamps are dry for some distance from the surface in hot weather. The Rhododendron, however, requires a liberal supply of water when the sun has much power, as few shrubs suffer so much from drought; if we have the means of flooding the beds at such times, nothing can be better.

For pot culture, a little difference may be made in the soil by the addition of one-third loam from a rich pasture with the peat; this, well amalgamated together, and rubbed through a coarse sieve, answers well, although a little cow-dung, thoroughly decomposed, is strongly recommended by a friend who has grown this shrub in pots with decided success. With such soil for plants either in beds or pots, there is no difficulty in growing or flowering Rhododendrons in the greatest perfection.