This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Is perhaps the most satisfactory of the rarer Evergreens. My specimen is 12 feet high, and uninjured, except the leader is a little whitened.
Of the Evergreen shrubs that stand here without protection, are the Rhododendron, Pon-tioum, Catawbiensis, and the Belgio hybrids, and the Ferrugiani Andromeda floribunda, Ilex Lancifolia (Latifolia I have given up), Cotoneaster Buxfolia, Kalmia Latifolia.
In recapitulation, I think I can grow upon this place 73 of the newer Evergreens, exclusive of Evergreen shrubs, and of 12 varieties of Norway Spruce not yet wintered out, all dwarf - never, I understand, at the end of 50 years, even exceeding three or four feet high.
I recommend, among the new things, the Pampas Grass - a superb exotio - growth, of a sort of reed, 6 to 12 feet high, and very ornamental, and Chammrops Ghusan - a new Palm, said to be entirely hardy in England; Des fontainea spinosa, and Eugenia Ugni, both Evergreen shrubs of rare beauty, and said to be quite hardy; the latter bearing a fruit.
Very truly yours. April 9,1856.
[The above truly valuable and reliable information, will be received by its readers with great satisfaction; it agrees entirely with our own more limited experience; the native hemlock has been as severely handled, in our neighborhood, as many of the rarer evergreens, and has not stood so well as the cryptomeria. The same information, in the main, is received from Cincinnati, from our correspondent, R. Buchanan, Esq., so that there is much reason to be gratified with our prospects in the cultivation of evergreens; we are now more advanced in the knowledge of what will suit us than ever before. Mr. Sargent's article is timely, and highly useful. - Ed].
This evergreen has been pronounced among the most satisfactory of the rarer sorts. It stood, at Wodenethe, last winter uninjured, except that the leader was a little whitened; the specimen there is now twelve feet high. It resembles the yew, and comes from Florida, where it attains the height of from twenty to forty feet, with numerous spreading branches, the appearance not unlike the hemlook; the leaves are broader than the yew, and marked with two longitudinal lines. The ripe fruit, or, rather, seed, is as large as a nutmeg, but has no fleshy cup as in the yew, but the external coat of the seed itself is leathery, and covers the whole, leaving a minute perforation at the summit.
It is found on the calcareous hills of the Apalache River as well as the Aspalaga, and south of Suanna. The tree is still scarce in our nurseries, but deserves a more extensive cultivation than it has yet received. It is surprising to find how slowly some of our valuable California and Florida trees are in being attended to. There could be little difficulty in procuring the seed.
It is a Torreya that has been said, to be a nutmeg-tree, by the wise men emigrated to California.