Under this imposing title the Gardeners Chronicle notices a new tree discovered by Mr. William Lobb, well known as the collector of the Messrs. Veitoh. This is probably the most magnificent tree of the Californian forests; and the fact of its being discovered, named, and introduced in England before we have heard a word of it in this country, shows how far we are behind England in botanical and arboricultural enterprise. Long ago our government should have sent competent collectors to explore the vast forests of California and Oregon, and bring their treasures to the light of day. Had they done so, this gigantic evergreen might have been known under an American instead of an English name. As it is, however, we rejoice to hear of its introduction. We copy the following account of it from the Gardener' Chronicle:

" When the unfortunate Douglas was last in California, he wrote thus in a letter to Sir WM. Hooker, of a coniferous tree inhabiting that country: But the great beauty of Californian vege tation is a species of Taxodium, which gives the mountains a most peculiar, I was almost going to say awful appearance - something which plainly tells us we are not in Europe. I have repeatedly measured specimens of this tree 270 feet long and 32 feet round at three feet above the ground. Some few I saw upwards of 300 feet high, but none in which the thickness was greater than those I have instanced.' What was that tree! No seeds or specimens ever reached Europe, although it appears that he possessed both.

"The late Professor EnDLIcHer referred Douglas' plant to Sequoia, calling it gigantea, and framing his distinctive character upon the representation of a supposed Taxodium sempervirena, figured in Hooker's "Icones," t. 379, from Douglas* last collections. But that plate, although with neither flowers nor fruit, represents beyond all question a branchlet of Abies bracteata It is therefore evident that no materials exist for determining what Douglas really meant by his Taxodium," which may or may not have belonged to that genus, or, as Kndlicher conjectured, to Sequoia, But species in natural history can not be founded upon conjecture.

"The other day we received from Mr. Vettch branches and cones of a most remarkable coniferous tree from California, seeds and a living specimen of which had just been brought him by his excellent collector Mr. Wm. Lobb, who, we are happy to say, has returned loaded with fine things. Of that tree Mr. Lobb has furnished the following account:

" 'This magnificent evergreen tree, from its extraordinary height and large dimensions, may be termed the monarch of the Californian forest It inhabits a solitary district on the elevated slopes of the Sierra Nivada, near the head waters of the Stanislau and Son Antonio rivers, in lat 38° N., long. 120° 10' W., at an elevation of 5000 feet from the level of the sea. From eighty to ninety trees exist, all within the circuit of a mile, and these varying from 250 feet to 320 feet in height and from 10 to 20 feet in diameter. Their manner of growth is much like Sequoia (Taxo-dium) tempervirens, some are solitary, some are in pairs, while some, and not unfrequently, stand three and four together. A tree recently felled measured about 300 feet in length, with a diameter, including bark, 29 feet 2 inches, at five feet from the ground; at eighteen feet from the ground it was 14 feet 6 inches through; at one hundred feet from the ground, 14 feet; and at two hundred feet from the ground, 5 feet 5 inches.

The bark is of a pale cinnamon brown, and a Cypress or Juniper. The leaves are pale grass green; those of the young trees are spreading' with a sharp acuminate point The cones are about 21/2 inches long, and 2 inches across at the thickest part The trunk of the tree in question was perfectly solid, from the sap-wood to the center; and judging from the number of concentric rings, its age has been estimated at 8000 years. The wood is light, soft and of a reddish color, like Redwood, or Taxodium sempervirens Of this vegetable monster, twenty-one feet of the bark, from the lower part of the trunk, have been put in the natural form in San Francisco for exhibition; it there forms a spacious carpeted room, and contains a piano, with seats for forty persons. On one occasion one hundred and forty children were admitted without inconvenience. An exact representation of this tree, drawn on the spot, is now in the hands of the lithographers, and will be published in a few days.'

"What a tree is this 1 - of what portentous aspect and almost fabulous antiquity 1 They say that the specimen felled at the junction of the Stanislau and San Antonio was above 8000 years old; that is to say, it must have been a little plant when Samson was slaying the Philistines, or Paris running away with Helen, or AEneas carrying off good pater AnchISes upon his filial shoulders. And this may very well be true, if it does not grow above two inches in diameter in twenty years, which we believe to be the fact "At all events, we have obtained the plant The seed received by Messrs. VEItch has all the appearance of vitality; and since the tree is hardy and evergreen, it is a prodigious acquisition. But what is its name to be "Are the plants of Lobb and Douglas identical! Possibly, no doubt; for Douglas reached lat 38 deg. 45 min. N., and therefore was within the geographical range of Loss's discovery. But it is quite as possible that he meant some other tree, also of gigantic dimensions; and it is hardly to be imagined that so experienced a traveler would have mistaken a tree with the foliage of a Cypress and the cones of a Pine for a Taxodium, and still less for the species sempervirers.

Besides, the slenderness of the specimens he saw is greatly at variance with the colossal proportions of the plant before us. That, at all events, the latter can not be regarded as a Sequoia we have explained in another column; and we think that no one will differ from us in feeling that the most appropriate name to be proposed for the most gigantic tree which has been revealed to us by modern discovery is that of the greatest of modern heroes. Wellington stands as high above his contemporaries as the Californian tree above all the surrounding foresters. Let it then bear henceforward the name of Wellingtonia gigantea. Emperors and kings and princes have their plants, and we must not forget to place in the highest rank among them our own great warrior.